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Electoral Crisis in Bolivia: The Complete story

2020.08.10 17:08 Superfan234 Electoral Crisis in Bolivia: The Complete story

In a previous post, I answered the most commons questions and misconceptions about the Conflict in Bolivia
With this post my objective is much more ambitious: To explain once and for all , the Bolivian Crisis to Neoliberal
It is a massive task, for sure. But I think the final work lives up to the expectations
Of course, massive thanks to u/thebolivianguy. He helped me a ton with details I was honestly not aware of, give his inside thoughts from inside the country, and brought almost all the main News Sources you will find in this post. Kudos to him for the support!
What role did the OAS have? Was it really the United States the ones who ousted Evo Morales? Was there really Electoral manipulation? How the Opposition took over the country?
Let's find out ;)

The Original Sin: The Controversial Plebiscite of 2016

If I need to give a specific date to understand the turmoil events of 2019, without a doubt we must go back to 2016, to the Plebicite of February 21. In this Plebiscite, Evo Morales Aima called on the Bolivian population to vote for a constitutional reform allowing him to be elected for the 2020-2025 presidential term. By a tight margin (51% against re-eleccion vs 49% in favor) Bolivians decided to prevent another term for Evo Morales in 2019 [*]
Evo Morales, after 13 years of thunderous electoral victories, had to accept defeat. Until then, he enjoyed unparalleled popularity in Bolivia, keeping the country with a stable economy [*] and together with his Party (MAS) he controlled all the powers of the State. It took him a few days, but reluctantly, he ends up accepting his loss
However, a few months later, Morales would appeal to the Constitutional Court for a second opinion. In 2017, in a highly controversial ruling, the Court considered the prohibition of indefinite re-election, limited the Humans Rights of the President. As a result, Evo could stand for re-election as many times as he wished to[*]
The ruling was naturally strongly criticized by the opposition. And, in hindsight , it became the biggest political mistake Evo Morales has ever made

The Consequences of Indefinite Re-Election

For more than a decade, Evo enjoyed great popularity and appreciation by varied sectors of the population. Not only the "common people", but also Bolivian businessmen, who viewed with good eyes the stability and economic growth Bolivia had experienced, something extremely rare in that country. These times of prosperity had reduced the Opposition to small unpopular group, with multitude of internal conflicts
But extremely partisan decision of the Constitutional Tribunal allowed Opposition politicians, who shared little to nothing with each other, to sit together and defend themselves against a common enemy. In time, civil communities would join the political efforts, and together, they would be able to unleash protests and demonstrations throughout the country, capitalizing on the political discontent of the Bolivian People
The OAS, on the contrary, would not condemn the decision of the Constitutional Court. On the contrary, the president of the OAS expressly traveled to Bolivia to support the indefinite election of Evo Morales. [*]. For those who have heard of the Bolivian Crisis in mass media this may sound unusual, but in fact there is a quite convincing explanation. However, let's not beat around this bush just yet
I am going to be extremely specific: There are 3 central points crucial to understand the Bolivian crisis (I'm going to list them because we will constantly return to them)
Evo's wishes for indefinite re-election resulted in three critical problems
  • 1) Political Union of the Opposition: Parties and Civil Communities that shared little or nothing with each other, put aside their political differences in order to defeat Evo
  • 2) General mistrust of the People: The Rebirth of the Dictatorships of Venezuela (~ 2017) and Nicaragua (~ 2018), became a gloomy omen for Bolivians. Both regimes were consolidated through electoral farces. So the proper tally of the votes became absolutely crucial
  • 3) Antagonism with Latin America: A big majority of LATAM Leaders, for the most part, was seeking a change of government in Venezuela at any cost. Bolivia's fierce support to Venezuela, could be a fundamental obstacle to overthrowing Maduro
The combination of these 3 factors, added to the generalized perception of Evo Morales as a Corrupt Politician, was the explosive mixture that led to the general fear of electoral manipulation in Bolivia
The massive protests, and this is important to remember, were not to support a particular opposition candidate. They were against the (justified) fear that Evo installed in the Bolivian population about falling into a Crisis similar to the one Venezuela was living

Days before the Election

By early October 2019, the political tension could be feel in the air. Three years of attempts to avoid Evo's re-election had failed legally, but electorally, they had succeeded in an unprecedented way Since 2005, Morales had won by landslides all the presidential elections he had participated. In 2005, he had beaten Jorge Quiroga 54% vs 29%. In 2009 he beat Manfred Reyes 64% vs 27%, in 2014 he beat Samuel Doria 61% vs 24. Evo's popularity, in principle, was virtually unbeatable
But a partial defeat in the municipal elections of 2015[*] and mainly his defeat in the 2016 Plebiscite, raised doubts about his ability to win a new presidential elections
Problems were nothing to shrug off. Morales presented in 2019 the same Political Project he had for over 13 years: a Conservative-Social Democracy with an indigenous mix. Against him, Carlos Mesa, his main political rival, presented an almost identical project, with the additional “plus” of not having 13 years of corruption scandals and worn-out Populism accompanying Evo
Citizens who felt comfortable with Evo's Bolivarian model could feel confident Mesa have the vision to continue the years of prosperity, and at the same time, detoxify the institutions of the State from rampant corruption. It was, by all accounts, a great opportunity for political change in the country
As the Election approached, the opinion polls became increasingly grim for Evo. He was projected to reach only 37% of the vote in the First Round, far from the ~ 60% he achieved in the 2014 elections[*]
To top it off, Chi Hyun and Oscar Ortiz (the other two strong opposition candidates) appear, in the event of a Ballot, closer to supporting Carlos Mesa than Evo. Capturing those votes in the Second round, would be a very complex task
Although the situation might look bleak for the Government there was, in fact, a chance to win. In Bolivia, the candidate who obtains more than 40% of the votes (and exceeds the second candidate by 10%) can be elected as winner in the First Round
This way, Evo marginally win in the First round, thus avoiding a second Ballot. Of course, the fact Evo could win by a margin of ~ 1%, only increased the social pressure on the correct tall of votes The Opposition Politicians and Media also echoed this concern, and months before the elections, they were already calling for citizens to protect the results, accusing the Government of fabricating an electoral fraud [*][*][*]

Elections Day

The day everyone was waiting for finally arrived. At the Sunday of October 20, citizens of the 9 Departments of Bolivia were called to vote at the polls, without any mayor complications at first
After a relatively quiet morning, Bolivians prepared for the results. In Bolivia, the electoral court supervises three different types of counting
  • Boca de Urna(*): quite unaccurate, but reflects the immediate moments after the vote
  • Quick Count (TREP): which allows to know approximate results in a few hours [*]
  • Final Count: official results, which usually take a couple of days
It was clear that the winner would be defined by mere decimals. And possibly, the last votes would come from rural areas, where Evo remained as great favorite, but little polls to clarity for how much At night, Bolivians were nervously waiting for the final results of the count. In mere minutes, they would know the results of 4 years of political conflict. And suddenly, without any prior notice, the Electoral Tribunal stops the vote count
The opposition's alarms quickly went off, and fiercely, they asked the electoral court an explanation for the delay
The Electoral Tribunal, without giving it much importance to it, give vague and really confusing reasons to excuse itself[*]. Although at the beginning it was attributed (informally) to technical problems, the Electoral Tribunal ended up reporting that stopping the quick count was "planned in advance" [*] and that the final results would eventually be known
If this process was really planned or not, the doubt was enough to light the fuse of the discontent and mistrust the entire country was experiencing. Quickly, citizens began to protest at the headquarters of the Electoral Tribunal [*] , demanding the vote counting be resumed
The OAS, the European Union and the United States expressed their concern about the suspension of the count, and sent statements requesting explanations from the government[*]

Days after the election

On Monday October 21, the Electoral Tribunal resumed the vote counting. To the discontent of the Opposition (and the joy of the Government), the final toll was clear: Morales had won in the first round, and MAS maintained control of both the Upper House and the Lower House of the Congress
This only infuriated the Opposition population, who saw the change in trend and Government secrecy as a clear attempt to manipulate the data. Protests began in front of the country's Electoral Tribunal [*]
In Potosi, the outrage became evident, once the Electoral Tribunal, which initially gave the victory by exit to Mesa by 69%, had reduced this percentage to 34% in the final count[*]
That day, a viral video began to circulate on the Internet. In the footage, you can see the Union Leader Marco Pumari forcing his entry into a warehouse, where hundreds of ballots were (secretly) stored. I will transcribe Pumari's impressions:
Supposedly a few blocks from here, the Electoral Tribunal, already began scrutinizing. They are already counting our votes. What are they counting! If the votes of the Potosinos are Here! What are the authorities counting there?
If this is what they are doing in the Capital of Potosi... imagine what they are doing in Rural Areas! That’s why Evo Morales has indicated us to "wait for the vote of the rural areas." He even thanked the Potosinos for our votes! To whom Evo should thank, it is those corrupt members of the Electoral Tribunal, who are going against their own Population!
This is unacceptable. It's a crime! Today the police tried to prevent us from entering this compound. The police, protecting these corrupts! No Notary wants to come here and to take note of the situation. Not a single one! We will go to file a complaint in Justice Court. But who knows if they will listen to us, since Justice is also in the hands of the Government!
I now I ask to you: What is left for us to do, as The People?
The video broadcast by Marco Pumari enraged the population of Potosí, who ended it up setting on fire the Electoral Tribunal. But this was just one of many videos that, through social networks, questioned the actions of the Government and the Electoral Tribunal in counting the votes
When night came, after several hours of unanswered protests, the violence began to grow. The headquarters of the Electoral Courts of Sucre was also burned in retaliation. [*]. Protests in favor and against Morales begin to occur throughout the country
Luis Fernando Camacho, a businessman and social leader from the Bolivian East side, would call for an indefinite strike from Santa Cruz[*], one of the most important cities in Bolivia, jeopardizing the social and economic sustainability of the government
The Catholic Church would also show its concern, warning signs of fraud in the presidential election [*]
Meanwhile, a group of radical Indigenous women, known as The Red Ponchos, threatened the opposition with taking up arms to defend Evo and his Government [*] The same threats were made by the Coca Leaf Leaders, who historically had shown firm support for the president
At the beginning of November, the die was cast. A major conflict was approaching, and both sides anticipated that bloodshed was inevitable. It is in these moments of maximum tension, the OAS makes it’s appearance

The OAS Intervention

The OAS, is the International Community who brings together all the Latin American countries. It’s also the faithful reflection of the apathy Hispanic countries profess to international conflicts.
The OAS, in theory, could possess great political powers on the American Continent, perhaps even Worldwide relevance. However, the prevailing indifference in Latin America (even present in great powers like Brazil and Mexico) has limited OAS to become the great defender of the Status quo in the Region. Moral or immoral? Truth is, Hispanic countries lack interest in the internal politics of their neighbors, and rarely intervene in them regardless of the seriousness of the matter at hand
Morales, of course, already knew this. He himself had participated in OAS for 13 years, and he knew they could take months to obtain a final report and, most likely, they were only going to limit themselves to sustaining the Status Quo
Opposition leaders were also aware of this, so they did everything it was possible to de-legitimize the statistical value of the OAS. They knew that the pacifist position of the American countries in favor of Morales would de-legitimize the protests, and they might stop the Protest completely Therefore, if they wanted to take down Evo, they had to act as soon as possible, before the call for calm from the OAS demoralized the protesters

The Bolivian Revolution

The conflict was on. Evo Morales was plan was to ask the population to calm down, and wait for OAS Report on the Elections. The opposition sought to extend the protests to the rest of the country, and make Evo fall before the OAS calmed down the protests
The Manifestations, of course, did not wait. From the East, Fernando Camacho was leading the businessmen and wealthy class of Santa Cruz, from the West, the Union Leader Marco Pumari, leading the working and indigenous masses of Potosi
It might seem curious that none of the Opposition presidential candidates led the protests. But you must remember that, with their re-election attempts, many civil groups had previously organized in the event of a Fraud situation. Although these communities came from very disparate political groups, the strong opposition to Evo was enough to keep them united as one
These civil groups proved to have more support than the opposition parties themselves, and turned out to be much more difficult for the Government to contain
One of the great advantages of these communities was they were not associated (yet) with the corruption that characterized Bolivian politics, and their only defined political program was to oust Evo. This would make their most popular representatives, Camacho and Pumari, more relatable and easy-to-follow leaders. For his part, Evo Morales resorted to two main methods to win: A) To exercise repression with his shock trops and B) A lot of Whining
On the one hand, Evo could use his shock forces to violently attack the opposition, with not much International repercussions. This attacks reach their peak at infamous Siege to Santa Cruz [*]. On the other hand, Evo sought to give the appearance of a coup before the international community, and promoted the image “USA is attacking Bolivia”

Electoral manipulation is confirmed

On November 8, Ethical Hacking, the auditing company hired by the Electoral Tribunal itself to follow the election process, Delivers their final report[*]. This report, was nothing short of devastating for the Government
They revealed that, at 7:30 p.m. on Election Day, a large amount of data began to be received from an Unknown Server, which caused constant errors in the electoral app of the TREP. Looking for explanations, Ethical Hacking goes to the Members of the Committee, who admited it was them who accessed the electoral system, but only out of "curiosity" to see the Data (Let's remember, it was approximately at this time, the Electoral Tribunal suddenly stopped publishing vote counts)
But this turned out to be just the tip of the Iceberg. Over the next five days, Ethical Hacking recorded not one or two, but 12 breaches of the electoral system's protocol. The reason for breaking the protocols were quite varied, but the final consequences were the same: The Electoral Acts could have been modified at will by the Members of the Electoral Tribunal, since there was no supervision by an external entity at those times
The reaction in Bolivia did not wait. The fact the very company hired by the Government blamed the Electoral Tribunal for invalidating the results, would be funny, if it wasn't so tragic
That same day, tired of being used against the protesting population, police forces in Cochamaba, Sucre and Santa Cruz mutinied against the Government[*]A few days later, they were followed by police forces from La Paz
The protesters, now with the protection of the local police, grew to Dantesque levels. They finally had enough numbers and support to take over the country

The betrayal of the OAS

Evo Morales was cornered. His popular support was both surppassed in numbers and organization by opposition forces. The national police were unwilling to repress the protesters, and His personal strike groups didn't have the weapons nor the planning to fight the dissident population over the country
In a desperate attempt to regain control of Bolivia, Morales fired the members of the Electoral Tribunal, blaming them for the errors in the process, and promised to organize new a electoral process [*]However, this act of good faith ended it up having no value, because on November 10, against all expectations, the OAS publishes an "executive report" confirming the final Electoral tall had mayor issues, probably some sort of manipulation, effectively invalidating the results. They suggested it would be better make the whole elections again
The response of Bolivian politics was one of total disbelief. Not only the OAS had advanced it's reports against the Government's desires[*], it also openly ruled against Evo, using a language that practically encouraged the dissident to continue their Protest
It was perhaps at that moment that Evo Morales finally understood he was betrayed. His fervent support for a favorable OAS ruling had become a double-edged sword. A weapon the opposition would undoubtedly use against him
At the same time, Senior Officials of the Bolivian Army met in Secret to decide what they could do to regain control of the country. From what we now known, High Officers were concerned of the increasing anarchy the country was facing, and feared at this rate, it would be impossible to prevent bloodshed between opposite factions[*]Therefore, Williams Kaliman, the commander-in-chief of the Bolivian Armed Forces, asked the president to resign, in order to regain political stability in the country.
Evo Morales, after 13 years of government and almost 20 days of fierce struggle, was forced to present his resignation as President. Bolivian Protesters, had won
submitted by Superfan234 to neoliberal [link] [comments]


2020.08.09 21:30 Superfan234 bolivia testo 3

In a previous post, I answered the most commons questions and misconceptions about the Conflict in Bolivia
With this post my objective is much more ambitious: To explain once and for all , the Bolivian Crisis to Neoliberal
It is a massive task, for sure. But I think the final work lives up to the expectations
Of course, massive thanks to u/thebolivianguy. He helped me a ton with details I was honestly not aware of, give his inside thoughts from inside the country, and brought almost all the main News Sources you will find in this post. Kudos to him for the support!
What role did the OAS have? Was it really the United States the ones who ousted Evo Morales? Was there really Electoral manipulation? How the Opposition took over the country?
Let's find out ;)

The Original Sin: The Controversial Plebiscite of 2016

If I need to give a specific date to understand the turmoil events of 2019, without a doubt we must go back to 2016, to the Plebicite of February 21. In this Plebiscite, Evo Morales Aima called on the Bolivian population to vote for a constitutional reform allowing him to be elected for the 2020-2025 presidential term. By a tight margin (51% against re-eleccion vs 49% in favor) Bolivians decided to prevent another term for Evo Morales in 2019 [*]
Evo Morales, after 13 years of thunderous electoral victories, had to accept defeat. Until then, he enjoyed unparalleled popularity in Bolivia, keeping the country with a stable economy [*] and together with his Party (MAS) he controlled all the powers of the State. It took him a few days, but reluctantly, he ends up accepting his loss
However, a few months later, Morales would appeal to the Constitutional Court for a second opinion. In 2017, in a highly controversial ruling, the Court considered the prohibition of indefinite re-election, limited the Humans Rights of the President. As a result, Evo could stand for re-election as many times as he wished to[*]
The ruling was naturally strongly criticized by the opposition. And, in hindsight , it became the biggest political mistake Evo Morales has ever made

The Consequences of Indefinite Re-Election

For more than a decade, Evo enjoyed great popularity and appreciation by varied sectors of the population. Not only the "common people", but also Bolivian businessmen, who viewed with good eyes the stability and economic growth Bolivia had experienced, something extremely rare in that country. These times of prosperity had reduced the Opposition to small unpopular group, with multitude of internal conflicts
But extremely partisan decision of the Constitutional Tribunal allowed Opposition politicians, who shared little to nothing with each other, to sit together and defend themselves against a common enemy. In time, civil communities would join the political efforts, and together, they would be able to unleash protests and demonstrations throughout the country, capitalizing on the political discontent of the Bolivian People
The OAS, on the contrary, would not condemn the decision of the Constitutional Court. On the contrary, the president of the OAS expressly traveled to Bolivia to support the indefinite election of Evo Morales. [*]. For those who have heard of the Bolivian Crisis in mass media this may sound unusual, but in fact there is a quite convincing explanation. However, let's not beat around this bush just yet
I am going to be extremely specific: There are 3 central points crucial to understand the Bolivian crisis (I'm going to list them because we will constantly return to them)
Evo's wishes for indefinite re-election resulted in three critical problems
  • 1) Political Union of the Opposition: Parties and Civil Communities that shared little or nothing with each other, put aside their political differences in order to defeat Evo
  • 2) General mistrust of the People: The Rebirth of the Dictatorships of Venezuela (~ 2017) and Nicaragua (~ 2018), became a gloomy omen for Bolivians. Both regimes were consolidated through electoral farces. So the proper tally of the votes became absolutely crucial
  • 3) Antagonism with Latin America: A big majority of LATAM Leaders, for the most part, was seeking a change of government in Venezuela at any cost. Bolivia's fierce support to Venezuela, could be a fundamental obstacle to overthrowing Maduro
The combination of these 3 factors, added to the generalized perception of Evo Morales as a Corrupt Politician, was the explosive mixture that led to the general fear of electoral manipulation in Bolivia
The massive protests, and this is important to remember, were not to support a particular opposition candidate. They were against the (justified) fear that Evo installed in the Bolivian population about falling into a Crisis similar to the one Venezuela was living

Days before the Election

By early October 2019, the political tension could be feel in the air. Three years of attempts to avoid Evo's re-election had failed legally, but electorally, they had succeeded in an unprecedented way Since 2005, Morales had won by landslides all the presidential elections he had participated. In 2005, he had beaten Jorge Quiroga 54% vs 29%. In 2009 he beat Manfred Reyes 64% vs 27%, in 2014 he beat Samuel Doria 61% vs 24. Evo's popularity, in principle, was virtually unbeatable
But a partial defeat in the municipal elections of 2015[*] and mainly his defeat in the 2016 Plebiscite, raised doubts about his ability to win a new presidential elections
Problems were nothing to shrug off. Morales presented in 2019 the same Political Project he had for over 13 years: a Conservative-Social Democracy with an indigenous mix. Against him, Carlos Mesa, his main political rival, presented an almost identical project, with the additional “plus” of not having 13 years of corruption scandals and worn-out Populism accompanying Evo
Citizens who felt comfortable with Evo's Bolivarian model could feel confident Mesa have the vision to continue the years of prosperity, and at the same time, detoxify the institutions of the State from rampant corruption. It was, by all accounts, a great opportunity for political change in the country
As the Election approached, the opinion polls became increasingly grim for Evo. He was projected to reach only 37% of the vote in the First Round, far from the ~ 60% he achieved in the 2014 elections[*]
To top it off, Chi Hyun and Oscar Ortiz (the other two strong opposition candidates) appear, in the event of a Ballot, closer to supporting Carlos Mesa than Evo. Capturing those votes in the Second round, would be a very complex task
Although the situation might look bleak for the Government there was, in fact, a chance to win. In Bolivia, the candidate who obtains more than 40% of the votes (and exceeds the second candidate by 10%) can be elected as winner in the First Round
This way, Evo marginally win in the First round, thus avoiding a second Ballot. Of course, the fact Evo could win by a margin of ~ 1%, only increased the social pressure on the correct tall of votes The Opposition Politicians and Media also echoed this concern, and months before the elections, they were already calling for citizens to protect the results, accusing the Government of fabricating an electoral fraud [*][*][*]

Elections Day

The day everyone was waiting for finally arrived. At the Sunday of October 20, citizens of the 9 Departments of Bolivia were called to vote at the polls, without any mayor complications at first
After a relatively quiet morning, Bolivians prepared for the results. In Bolivia, the electoral court supervises three different types of counting
  • Boca de Urna(*): quite unaccurate, but reflects the immediate moments after the vote
  • Quick Count (TREP): which allows to know approximate results in a few hours [*]
  • Final Count: official results, which usually take a couple of days
It was clear that the winner would be defined by mere decimals. And possibly, the last votes would come from rural areas, where Evo remained as great favorite, but little polls to clarity for how much At night, Bolivians were nervously waiting for the final results of the count. In mere minutes, they would know the results of 4 years of political conflict. And suddenly, without any prior notice, the Electoral Tribunal stops the vote count
The opposition's alarms quickly went off, and fiercely, they asked the electoral court an explanation for the delay
The Electoral Tribunal, without giving it much importance to it, give vague and really confusing reasons to excuse itself[*]. Although at the beginning it was attributed (informally) to technical problems, the Electoral Tribunal ended up reporting that stopping the quick count was "planned in advance" [*] and that the final results would eventually be known
If this process was really planned or not, the doubt was enough to light the fuse of the discontent and mistrust the entire country was experiencing. Quickly, citizens began to protest at the headquarters of the Electoral Tribunal [*] , demanding the vote counting be resumed
The OAS, the European Union and the United States expressed their concern about the suspension of the count, and sent statements requesting explanations from the government[*]

Days after the election

On Monday October 21, the Electoral Tribunal resumed the vote counting. To the discontent of the Opposition (and the joy of the Government), the final toll was clear: Morales had won in the first round, and MAS maintained control of both the Upper House and the Lower House of the Congress
This only infuriated the Opposition population, who saw the change in trend and Government secrecy as a clear attempt to manipulate the data. Protests began in front of the country's Electoral Tribunal [*]
In Potosi, the outrage became evident, once the Electoral Tribunal, which initially gave the victory by exit to Mesa by 69%, had reduced this percentage to 34% in the final count[*]
That day, a viral video began to circulate on the Internet. In the footage, you can see the Union Leader Marco Pumari forcing his entry into a warehouse, where hundreds of ballots were (secretly) stored. I will transcribe Pumari's impressions:
Supposedly a few blocks from here, the Electoral Tribunal, already began scrutinizing. They are already counting our votes. What are they counting! If the votes of the Potosinos are Here! What are the authorities counting there?
If this is what they are doing in the Capital of Potosi... imagine what they are doing in Rural Areas! That’s why Evo Morales has indicated us to "wait for the vote of the rural areas." He even thanked the Potosinos for our votes! To whom Evo should thank, it is those corrupt members of the Electoral Tribunal, who are going against their own Population!
This is unacceptable. It's a crime! Today the police tried to prevent us from entering this compound. The police, protecting these corrupts! No Notary wants to come here and to take note of the situation. Not a single one! We will go to file a complaint in Justice Court. But who knows if they will listen to us, since Justice is also in the hands of the Government!
I now I ask to you: What is left for us to do, as The People?
The video broadcast by Marco Pumari enraged the population of Potosí, who ended it up setting on fire the Electoral Tribunal. But this was just one of many videos that, through social networks, questioned the actions of the Government and the Electoral Tribunal in counting the votes
When night came, after several hours of unanswered protests, the violence began to grow. The headquarters of the Electoral Courts of Sucre was also burned in retaliation. [*]. Protests in favor and against Morales begin to occur throughout the country
Luis Fernando Camacho, a businessman and social leader from the Bolivian East side, would call for an indefinite strike from Santa Cruz[*], one of the most important cities in Bolivia, jeopardizing the social and economic sustainability of the government
The Catholic Church would also show its concern, warning signs of fraud in the presidential election [*]
Meanwhile, a group of radical Indigenous women, known as The Red Ponchos, threatened the opposition with taking up arms to defend Evo and his Government [*] The same threats were made by the Coca Leaf Leaders, who historically had shown firm support for the president
At the beginning of November, the die was cast. A major conflict was approaching, and both sides anticipated that bloodshed was inevitable. It is in these moments of maximum tension, the OAS makes it’s appearance

The OAS Intervention

The OAS, is the International Community who brings together all the Latin American countries. It’s also the faithful reflection of the apathy Hispanic countries profess to international conflicts.
The OAS, in theory, could possess great political powers on the American Continent, perhaps even Worldwide relevance. However, the prevailing indifference in Latin America (even present in great powers like Brazil and Mexico) has limited OAS to become the great defender of the Status quo in the Region. Moral or immoral? Truth is, Hispanic countries lack interest in the internal politics of their neighbors, and rarely intervene in them regardless of the seriousness of the matter at hand
Morales, of course, already knew this. He himself had participated in OAS for 13 years, and he knew they could take months to obtain a final report and, most likely, they were only going to limit themselves to sustaining the Status Quo
Opposition leaders were also aware of this, so they did everything it was possible to de-legitimize the statistical value of the OAS. They knew that the pacifist position of the American countries in favor of Morales would de-legitimize the protests, and they might stop the Protest completely Therefore, if they wanted to take down Evo, they had to act as soon as possible, before the call for calm from the OAS demoralized the protesters

The Bolivian Revolution

The conflict was on. Evo Morales was plan was to ask the population to calm down, and wait for OAS Report on the Elections. The opposition sought to extend the protests to the rest of the country, and make Evo fall before the OAS calmed down the protests
The Manifestations, of course, did not wait. From the East, Fernando Camacho was leading the businessmen and wealthy class of Santa Cruz, from the West, the Union Leader Marco Pumari, leading the working and indigenous masses of Potosi
It might seem curious that none of the Opposition presidential candidates led the protests. But you must remember that, with their re-election attempts, many civil groups had previously organized in the event of a Fraud situation. Although these communities came from very disparate political groups, the strong opposition to Evo was enough to keep them united as one
These civil groups proved to have more support than the opposition parties themselves, and turned out to be much more difficult for the Government to contain
One of the great advantages of these communities was they were not associated (yet) with the corruption that characterized Bolivian politics, and their only defined political program was to oust Evo. This would make their most popular representatives, Camacho and Pumari, more relatable and easy-to-follow leaders. For his part, Evo Morales resorted to two main methods to win: A) To exercise repression with his shock trops and B) A lot of Whining
On the one hand, Evo could use his shock forces to violently attack the opposition, with not much International repercussions. This attacks reach their peak at infamous Siege to Santa Cruz [*]. On the other hand, Evo sought to give the appearance of a coup before the international community, and promoted the image “USA is attacking Bolivia”

Electoral manipulation is confirmed

On November 8, Ethical Hacking, the auditing company hired by the Electoral Tribunal itself to follow the election process, Delivers their final report[*]. This report, was nothing short of devastating for the Government
They revealed that, at 7:30 p.m. on Election Day, a large amount of data began to be received from an Unknown Server, which caused constant errors in the electoral app of the TREP. Looking for explanations, Ethical Hacking goes to the Members of the Committee, who admited it was them who accessed the electoral system, but only out of "curiosity" to see the Data (Let's remember, it was approximately at this time, the Electoral Tribunal suddenly stopped publishing vote counts)
But this turned out to be just the tip of the Iceberg. Over the next five days, Ethical Hacking recorded not one or two, but 12 breaches of the electoral system's protocol. The reason for breaking the protocols were quite varied, but the final consequences were the same: The Electoral Acts could have been modified at will by the Members of the Electoral Tribunal, since there was no supervision by an external entity at those times
The reaction in Bolivia did not wait. The fact the very company hired by the Government blamed the Electoral Tribunal for invalidating the results, would be funny, if it wasn't so tragic
That same day, tired of being used against the protesting population, police forces in Cochamaba, Sucre and Santa Cruz mutinied against the Government[*]A few days later, they were followed by police forces from La Paz
The protesters, now with the protection of the local police, grew to Dantesque levels. They finally had enough numbers and support to take over the country

The betrayal of the OAS

Evo Morales was cornered. His popular support was both surppassed in numbers and organization by opposition forces. The national police were unwilling to repress the protesters, and His personal strike groups didn't have the weapons nor the planning to fight the dissident population over the country
In a desperate attempt to regain control of Bolivia, Morales fired the members of the Electoral Tribunal, blaming them for the errors in the process, and promised to organize new a electoral process [*]However, this act of good faith ended it up having no value, because on November 10, against all expectations, the OAS publishes an "executive report" confirming the final Electoral tall had mayor issues, probably some sort of manipulation, effectively invalidating the results. They suggested it would be better make the whole elections again
The response of Bolivian politics was one of total disbelief. Not only the OAS had advanced it's reports against the Government's desires[*], it also openly ruled against Evo, using a language that practically encouraged the dissident to continue their Protest
It was perhaps at that moment that Evo Morales finally understood he was betrayed. His fervent support for a favorable OAS ruling had become a double-edged sword. A weapon the opposition would undoubtedly use against him
At the same time, Senior Officials of the Bolivian Army met in Secret to decide what they could do to regain control of the country. From what we now known, High Officers were concerned of the increasing anarchy the country was facing, and feared at this rate, it would be impossible to prevent bloodshed between opposite factions[*]Therefore, Williams Kaliman, the commander-in-chief of the Bolivian Armed Forces, asked the president to resign, in order to regain political stability in the country.
Evo Morales, after 13 years of government and almost 20 days of fierce struggle, was forced to present his resignation as President. Bolivian Protesters, had won
submitted by Superfan234 to test [link] [comments]


2020.06.08 08:47 Cneqfilms First website and I just want to remove blank white space at bottom

So as a disclaimer I know my code is most likely disgusting and is broken in a lot of places but right now I just want to get the unused space off the bottom of my site. Complete rookie here.
I've looked everywhere and all of the stuff I've seen hasn't done anything to my site and I'm not sure where the problem lies.
Here is my HTML
  Adam's Resume        

WHO AM I?

Hello there! My name is Adam Sandler and I'm a Film Maker and Actor. I always put my customers first and deliver affordable and quality services.

AWS

I'm an AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner with fundamental understanding of all core AWS services, their uses, their benefits and their negatives. I have a variety of hands on experience which I have gained through online labs and making my own projects using my AWS free-tier account.

Web Development

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Maecenas sit amet pretium urna. Vivamus venenatis velit nec neque ultricies, eget elementum magna tristique. Quisque vehicula, risus eget aliquam placerat, purus leo tincidunt eros, eget luctus quam orci in velit. Praesent scelerisque tortor sed accumsan convallis.

Video Graphy

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Maecenas sit amet pretium urna. Vivamus venenatis velit nec neque ultricies, eget elementum magna tristique. Quisque vehicula, risus eget aliquam placerat, purus leo tincidunt eros, eget luctus quam orci in velit. Praesent scelerisque tortor sed accumsan convallis.
And here is my CSS:

body{ margin: 0; padding: 0; font-family: sans-serif; overflow-x: hidden; } /*---------------------Header CSS----------------*/ #Header{ height: 100vh; background: linear-gradient(rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6),rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6)),url(img/bg2.jpg); background-position: center; background-size: cover; background-attachment: fixed; } .user-box{ top: 50%; left: 50%; transform: translate(-50%, -50%); position: absolute; } .user-box img{ border-radius: 50%; width: 250px; border: 2px solid #6caed5; } .user-box h1{ color: #fff; font-weight: bold; margin: 10px; text-align: right; font-size: 40px; } .user-box p{ color: #fff; text-align: center; font-size: 15px; } .scroll-btn{ bottom: 30px; position: absolute; left: 50%; transform: translateX(-50%); border: 1px solid #fff; padding: 10px 10px 20px; border-radius: 30px; } .scroll-bar span{ border: 2px solid #fff; font-size: 10px; border-radius: 30px; } .scroll-bar{ animation: mover 1s infinite alternate; } @keyframes mover{ 0%{ transform: translateY(0); } 100%{ transform: translateY(10px); } } /*-------------ABOUT------------*/ .about{ position: relative; right: 200px; padding-top: 100px; padding-bottom: 50px; } .about-me{ position: relative; left: 700px; bottom: 301px; padding-top: 50px; padding-bottom: 50px; margin: 10px; text-align: center; border-radius: 15px 50px 30px; border: 2px solid #ff9933; } .profile-image{ position: relative; right: 23px; height: 400px; border: 5px solid #6caed5; border-radius: 50%; } .nav-bar{ top: 0; position: sticky; z-index: 2; } .navbar{ background-color: #000; } .navbar-brand{ color: white; } .nav-bar .fa-bars{ font-size: 35px; color: #fff; } .nav-link{ color: white; } .column{ position: relative; right: 20px; bottom: 200px; border-radius: 25px; border: 2px solid #ff9933; padding: 20px; margin: 20px; } .column h2{ padding: 30px; } .aws{ position: relative; left: 500px; bottom: 1200px; } .google{ position: relative; left: 950px; bottom: 1555px; } .trailer{ position: relative; left: 590px; bottom: 1500px; background: transparent url('trailer.png') 50% 50% / cover no-repeat ; } 
I'd appreciate any help, thank you.
submitted by Cneqfilms to CodingHelp [link] [comments]


2020.05.10 21:50 halfTheFn fonts.handlers.otf.addfeature

I've been trying to experiment with Fontspec and LuaTeX to add OpenType features to fonts that are missing them.
Specifically, I've been trying to add contextual alternates for the "long s" glyph in EB Garamond. The glyphs and ligatures are all in the font - and by default, the ligatures all work. But the stylistic variant to replace the final s with a long s seems to have gone missing when Octavio Pardo took over.
I've only found a couple examples online of this feature, and no real documentation around it. But perhaps I'm searching for the wrong keywords.
This is what I have so far:
\documentclass[foolscapvopaper,12pt,twoside,openany,extrafontsizes,final]{memoir} \usepackage{fontspec} \begin{document} \mainmatter \chapter{A Chapter} \directlua{ fonts.handlers.otf.addfeature{ name = "calt", type = "chainsubstitution", lookups = { { type = "substitution", data = { ["s"] = "ſ", }, }, }, data = { rules = { { before = { { 0xFFFC, "-", "·", "Í", "I", "P", "a", "á", "b", "c", "d", "e", "é", "g", "h", "i", "j", "k", "l", "m", "n", "o", "ó", "p", "q", "r", "s", "ſ", "t", "u", "ú", "v", "w", "x", "y", "z" } }, after = { { "·", "-", "a", "á", "c", "d", "e", "é", "g", "h", "i", "í", "j", "l", "m", "n", "o", "ó", "p", "q", "r", "s", "t", "u", "ú", "v", "w", "x", "y", "z" } }, current = { { "s" } }, lookups = { 1 }, }, }, }, } } \setmainfont[ RawFeature={+calt} ]{EBGaramond} Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam vitae interdum ligula. Vivamus odio libero, dignissim quis dapibus eu, dignissim id ipsum. Maecenas auctor tortor sapien, sed ultrices eros facilisis vitae. Nam commodo, tortor eu suscipit placerat, nisl libero eleifend metus, aliquam egestas justo ipsum vel ex. Quisque dictum et nisi quis tempus. Vestibulum at lacinia justo. Proin non ex interdum diam gravida faucibus. In ultricies, elit lobortis fermentum porttitor, sapien sapien semper sapien, non sagittis nulla urna a arcu. Duis tristique nulla feugiat varius sodales. Pellentesque rhoncus nunc sed erat fermentum aliquam. Pellentesque elementum convallis sapien at pellentesque. Aenean ut libero in lorem dapibus placerat sed eu velit. Donec faucibus sem vel ipsum mollis viverra. Nam sagittis molestie augue, sed tempus ligula tincidunt ut. \end{document} 
This works reasonably well at swapping the glyphs correctly - but it seems to do so _after_ ligatures are applied: things like "ſi", "ſſi", "ſh" aren't getting the ligatures that they would if I just entered those characters directly into the source. Also, my "rules" seem very heavy- character classes or regexes or negatives would go a lot farther! The rules I'm trying to achieve are:
Replace the 's' with an 'ſ' everywhere except:
  1. after f,
  2. before f, k, b, whitespace, and punctuation except -Then apply ligatures.
submitted by halfTheFn to LaTeX [link] [comments]


2020.05.09 22:11 IBGE Ranking de convidados do nerdcast por número de participações

Tava com tempo livre, decidi tentar extrair estatísticas interessantes sobre o Nerdcast. Para você que gosta de números, eis o ranking de convidados do nerdcast, por número de participações:
Rank Participante Participações Primeira Data da Primeira Última Data da Última
1 Tucano 274 15 - X-Men nos Quadrinhos 25/05/2006 723 - Futurologia: O Pós-Corona 01/05/2020
2 JP 168 09 - Pérolas do RPG 21/04/2006 722 - Pandemias pela história 24/04/2020
3 Eduardo Spohr 162 13 - Google é meu pastor e nada me faltará 17/05/2006 722 - Pandemias pela história 24/04/2020
4 Carlos Voltor 141 01 - Super-Homem: Herói americano ou do mundo? 02/04/2006 708 - Mandalorian: A babá do baby Yoda 17/01/2020
5 Bluehand 113 10 - Nostalgia Tecnológica 28/04/2006 559 - Tecnologias do Futuro 3 17/03/2017
6 Sr.K 104 31 - DO IT NOW, DAMMIT! 22/09/2006 723 - Futurologia: O Pós-Corona 01/05/2020
7 Portuguesa 69 25 - Coca-Cola, Cheetos e Dança da Vassoura 04/08/2006 724 - Bariátricas Selvagens 2: Double Dumping 08/05/2020
8 Atila 63 249 - Evolução artificial da Seleção Natural 04/03/2011 723 - Futurologia: O Pós-Corona 01/05/2020
9 Affonso Solano 59 268 - Novos velhos games rebootados 15/07/2011 720 - Não vale usar Google! 10/04/2020
10 Caio Gomes 56 331 - Conjecturas sobre viagens no tempo 05/10/2012 715 - Você tem noção do perigo? 06/03/2020
11 Guga 54 38 - HQ no cinema: Passado e futuro 10/11/2006 548 - Rogue One: A Fan Service Story 23/12/2016
12 Sra. Jovem Nerd 52 25 - Coca-Cola, Cheetos e Dança da Vassoura 04/08/2006 705 - Pequenos Prazeres 2 20/12/2019
13 Rex 49 60 - Homem-Aranha – Back in Black! 04/05/2007 708 - Mandalorian: A babá do baby Yoda 17/01/2020
14 Mario Abbade 36 06 - V de Vingança 08/04/2006 126 - Rock n’ Roll – 70/80 05/09/2008
15 Andre Souza 35 339 - Distúrbios mentais 30/11/2012 719 - Saúde mental na quarentena 03/04/2020
16 Filipe Figueiredo 33 474 - A Batalha de Stalingrado 17/07/2015 722 - Pandemias pela história 24/04/2020
17 Diogo Braga 31 268 - Novos velhos games rebootados 15/07/2011 720 - Não vale usar Google! 10/04/2020
18 Fabio Yabu 29 105 - Fábio Yabu, o homem que matou o Jovem Nerd 21/03/2008 649 - Aquaman, uma estrela do mar #TurumTsss 07/12/2018
19 Jonny Ken 28 195 - Quem fez a internet 29/01/2010 609 - Nerdcast sem Fio 4 02/03/2018
20 Nick Ellis 28 85 - Nerdcast sem fio 01/11/2007 629 - Black Mirror precisa de um abraço! 20/07/2018
21 Beto Estrada 27 268 - Novos velhos games rebootados 15/07/2011 667 - Shazam nos quadrinhos 05/04/2019
22 Tresde 26 72 - Conspiração – “Constantinopla” 27/07/2007 641 - Traumas de Infância 2 12/10/2018
23 Android 25 186 - Isaac Asimov e seus escravos tchecos 06/11/2009 594 - Blade Runner 2049: menos noir e mais futurista 17/11/2017
24 Guga Mafra 24 358 - O Poder da Retórica 12/04/2013 705 - Pequenos Prazeres 2 20/12/2019
25 Leonel Caldela 24 379 - Literatura Fantástica Brasileira 06/09/2013 721 - Chegando no fundo do Poço 17/04/2020
26 Marco Gomes 23 211 - Profissão: Programador 28/05/2010 647 - Comidas Horríveis 23/11/2018
27 Cardoso 18 102 - Rambo: Missão Cumprida 29/02/2008 418 - Debate: #vaitercopa #nãovaitercopa 13/06/2014
28 Amigo Imaginario 16 27 - Animês – Dooka yoroshiku onegai itashimasu 18/08/2006 388 - O mundo conservado das embalagens 07/11/2013
29 Guilherme Briggs 16 94 - Max, Traga Minha Capa! – Entrevista com Guilherme Briggs 04/01/2008 564 - O lado bom da vida 21/04/2017
30 Marcelo Bassoli 15 599 - Star Wars: Os Últimos Jedi – Vem pro nosso lado! 22/12/2017 721 - Chegando no fundo do Poço 17/04/2020
31 Cris Dias 14 89 - Nerdca$h 30/11/2007 412 - Bugs e Gafanhotos Digitais 02/05/2014
32 Leila 12 611 - Histórias Desgraçadas 16/03/2018 713 - Gaveta: O deus do carnaval 21/02/2020
33 Gaveta 11 228 - Profissão: Mago dos Efeitos Visuais 24/09/2010 724 - Bariátricas Selvagens 2: Double Dumping 08/05/2020
34 Ana Arantes 10 492 - Divertida mente no divã 20/11/2015 719 - Saúde mental na quarentena 03/04/2020
35 Izzy Nobre 9 188 - Histórias de emigrantes 20/11/2009 534 - Pokemongo 16/09/2016
36 Lierson Mattenhauer 9 606 - Segredos dos Restaurantes 09/02/2018 713 - Gaveta: O deus do carnaval 21/02/2020
37 Pirula 9 398 - A Era dos Dinossauros 24/01/2014 681 - Reprogramação Quântica de Mindset 05/07/2019
38 Henrique Granado 8 54a - Star Wars – 20.000 Lactobacilos, vivos! 01/03/2007 622 - Han Solo: É o que tem pra hoje 01/06/2018
39 Jurandir Filho 8 99 - Oscar – Em 2008, o Nerdcast vai para… 08/02/2008 678 - Os Piores Crossovers 14/06/2019
40 Katiucha Barcelos 8 664 - Capitã Marvel: Representou? 15/03/2019 721 - Chegando no fundo do Poço 17/04/2020
41 David Preti 7 421 - Eu, colecionador 04/07/2014 712 - Assim que nasce o Corona 14/02/2020
42 Edney Souza 7 89 - Nerdca$h 30/11/2007 434 - Nerds Cervejeiros 03/10/2014
43 Francine 7 240 - Que fim levou…? 17/12/2010 625 - Permanentemente desgraçado da minha cabeça! 22/06/2018
44 Irado 7 207 - Bêbado e na Mão do Palhaço 2 30/04/2010 644 - Essa minha timidez 02/11/2018
45 Mauricio Saldanha 7 142 - Retrospectiva Nerd 2008 02/01/2009 375 - Breaking Bad: Chutando o Balde 09/08/2013
46 Rafael Calsaverini 7 324 - Alô criançada, o Bóson chegou! 17/08/2012 425 - A Ciência dos Super-Heróis 2 01/08/2014
47 Marcelo Forlani 6 99 - Oscar – Em 2008, o Nerdcast vai para… 08/02/2008 334 - Remakes relembrados 26/10/2012
48 Altay Souza 5 614 - Dormindo no ponto 06/04/2018 715 - Você tem noção do perigo? 06/03/2020
49 Carlos Merigo 5 57 - THIS IS SPARTA!!! 30/03/2007 440 - Making of Podcasts 13/11/2014
50 Dubox 5 27 - Animês – Dooka yoroshiku onegai itashimasu 18/08/2006 652 - O SOBRENATURAL NÃO ECZISTE! OU NÃO… 2 21/12/2018
51 Leo Lopes 5 307 - Nostalgia do humor brasileiro 20/04/2012 676 - Elton “Reginaldo” John: Gênio Extravagante 31/05/2019
52 Anderson Argentoni 4 58 - Tartarugas Mutantes Adolescentes Ninjas e Nerds 13/04/2007 121 - Nostalgia Animada – Parte 02 01/08/2008
53 Bia Kunze 4 85 - Nerdcast sem fio 01/11/2007 609 - Nerdcast sem Fio 4 02/03/2018
54 Borbs 4 49 - Oscar – E o Nerdcast vai para… 26/01/2007 329 - Bikini Girls with Machine Guns 2 21/09/2012
55 Bruno Carvalho 4 354 - O turno dos RTS games 15/03/2013 508 - A dimensão dos games de mundo aberto 18/03/2016
56 Evandro De Freitas 4 354 - O turno dos RTS games 15/03/2013 508 - A dimensão dos games de mundo aberto 18/03/2016
57 Marcela Versiani 4 390 - A Era de Battlefield 22/11/2013 621 - Profissão: Artista de Games 25/05/2018
58 Pri Ganiko 4 631 - League of Legends: Confia na call 03/08/2018 685 - MCU Fase 4 02/08/2019
59 Sergio Sacani 4 323 - Marte, Curiosity e a Fronteira Final 10/08/2012 670 - O buraco negro é mais embaixo 26/04/2019
60 Caue Moura 3 375 - Breaking Bad: Chutando o Balde 09/08/2013 418 - Debate: #vaitercopa #nãovaitercopa 13/06/2014
61 Fabio Lugar 3 398 - A Era dos Dinossauros 24/01/2014 572 - A origem da vida 16/06/2017
62 Guilherme Camillo 3 429 - Profissão: Cara do TI 29/08/2014 513 - Cloudcast 22/04/2016
63 Lady Lark 3 01 - Super-Homem: Herói americano ou do mundo? 02/04/2006 03 - Quadrinhos: A volta de Jason Todd (?!) 02/04/2006
64 Marcelinho 3 366 - Especial Dia dos Namorados 2013 07/06/2013 520 - Especial Dia dos Namorados 2016 10/06/2016
65 Marina Val 3 505 - Doctor… Who? 26/02/2016 664 - Capitã Marvel: Representou? 15/03/2019
66 Mauricio Cid 3 278 - Profissão: Blogueiro 23/09/2011 714 - Viajar é se f*der 4 28/02/2020
67 Max Valarezo 3 659 - Vidro todo Fragmentado, mas inquebrável 08/02/2019 710 - O Oscar 2020 vai para… 31/01/2020
68 Rogerio Bonfim 3 217 - As eleições da internet. Ou não. 09/07/2010 414 - Homem no volante, perigo constante 16/05/2014
69 Alek 2 429 - Profissão: Cara do TI 29/08/2014 481 - A Cronologia Metal Gear 04/09/2015
70 Alexander Stahlhoefer 2 574 - A Reforma Protestante 30/06/2017 588 - A Mãe segundo Aronofsky 06/10/2017
71 Alexandre Inagaki 2 217 - As eleições da internet. Ou não. 09/07/2010 255 - Como eram gostosas as pornochanchadas 15/04/2011
72 Almondega 2 222 - Nerdtour 2010 – Nobody tell nothing 13/08/2010 481 - A Cronologia Metal Gear 04/09/2015
73 Andre Gordirro 2 495 - A Revolução Star Wars 11/12/2015 497 - Star Wars VII – O despertar das emoções 25/12/2015
74 Andre Vianco 2 379 - Literatura Fantástica Brasileira 06/09/2013 435 - Criação de Mundos 10/10/2014
75 Barbara Russell 2 441 - Profissão: Engenheiro Civil 21/11/2014 636 - Viajar é se f*der 2 07/09/2018
76 Carlinhos Troll 2 580 - Road Trip 11/08/2017 585 - Junk Food 15/09/2017
77 Daniel Jezini 2 560 - Como funciona o Brasil: TCU 24/03/2017 626 - Como funciona o Brasil: Urna Eletrônica 29/06/2018
78 Dexter 2 369 - Profissão: Médico 28/06/2013 503 - Esse Zika é vírus! 11/02/2016
79 Erick Carvalho 2 57 - THIS IS SPARTA!!! 30/03/2007 704 - Traduzindo o Senhor dos Anéis 13/12/2019
80 Flavio Augusto 2 449 - Nômades Modernos 23/01/2015 470 - Expresso Empreendedor 5 19/06/2015
81 Gabriel Dread 2 384 - Minha Vida Não Convencional 11/10/2013 661 - Cultos, fanáticos e pelados 22/02/2019
82 Gica Yabu 2 311 - Decifrando Donnie Darko. Ou não. 18/05/2012 396 - Babycast 10/01/2014
83 Guilherme Novaes 2 604 - O Futuro da Educação 26/01/2018 612 - Blockchain, criptomoedas e lagosta 23/03/2018
84 Gustavo Guanabara 2 211 - Profissão: Programador 28/05/2010 332 - Profissão: Professor 12/10/2012
85 Hell 2 260 - A história das histórias em quadrinhos 20/05/2011 313 - HQ: Os Velhos Novos 52 01/06/2012
86 Ken Fujioka 2 169 - Profissão: Publicitário 10/07/2009 397 - Polêmicas da Publicidade 17/01/2014
87 Leon Martins 2 476 - Viajar é se f*der 31/07/2015 534 - Pokemongo 16/09/2016
88 Lucas "Marduk" Rampinelli 2 526 - A revolução buffada dos eSports 22/07/2016 631 - League of Legends: Confia na call 03/08/2018
89 Lucas Radaelli 2 256 - Cegos, nerds e loucos 22/04/2011 506 - Cegos, nerds e loucos 2 04/03/2016
90 Luquinhaz 2 638 - Profissão: Videomaker 21/09/2018 659 - Vidro todo Fragmentado, mas inquebrável 08/02/2019
91 Marcos Pontes 2 484 - Histórias de um mecânico espacial 25/09/2015 617 - A nova corrida espacial 27/04/2018
92 Mau Faccio 2 505 - Doctor… Who? 26/02/2016 717 - Nerds Vaidosos 20/03/2020
93 Mila 2 690 - O futuro (des)esperado das I.A.s 06/09/2019 698 - Filme bom, ciência ruim 01/11/2019
94 Pollar 2 71 - Transformers – Hora de morfar! 20/07/2007 95 - Japão – Quem tem Koku, tem Edo 11/01/2008
95 Sandro Magaldi 2 470 - Expresso Empreendedor 5 19/06/2015 604 - O Futuro da Educação 26/01/2018
96 Vinicius K-Max 2 346 - Hackers, Crackers e Dieckmans 18/01/2013 363 - The Deep, the bad and the dirty web 17/05/2013
97 Vinicius Schiavini 2 76a - Lost – Malditos Mind Games! 24/08/2007 111 - O Invencível Homem de Ferro… Velho 02/05/2008
98 Vivi 2 690 - O futuro (des)esperado das I.A.s 06/09/2019 698 - Filme bom, ciência ruim 01/11/2019
99 Yasodara Cordova 2 642 - Privacidade na Internet 19/10/2018 690 - O futuro (des)esperado das I.A.s 06/09/2019
Notas: só inclui o programa principal (e não NerdTech, empreendendor, etc) e apenas quem teve pelo menos duas participações. Feito com dados dos episódios 1 a 724. Pode conter pequenos erros.
De bônus, algumas curiosidades sobre participações que encontrei no processo:
Convidado que sumiu por mais tempo antes de voltar: Erick Carvalho, por quase 13 anos entre o 57 - THIS IS SPARTA!!! e o 704 - Traduzindo o Senhor dos Anéis . Os próximos da lista são Dubox (222 ao 652, 8 anos), Henrique Granado (220 ao 548, 6.5 anos), Cid (427 ao 714, 5.5 anos), Gabriel Dread (384 ao 661, 5.5 anos) e Irado (207 ao 480, 5.5 anos)
Nerdcast com mais participantes: 632 - O mundo depois de Thanos (10: Alottoni, Átila, Caio Gomes, Eduardo Spohr, Filipe Figueiredo, Marco Gomes, Pirula, Sr. K, Tucano e Azaghal). Como apontou u/NukeNipples, o 632 na verdade só tem 5 participantes. O nerdcast com mais participantes de verdade, então, provavelmente é o 219 - Lost: Desabafo!, com 9: Alottoni, Fábio Yabu, JP, Tucano, Maurício Saldanha, Nick Ellis, Android, Eduardo Spohr, e Azaghal.
Sugestões de outras estatíticas interessantes para calcular são bem vindas.
submitted by IBGE to jovemnerd [link] [comments]


2019.11.13 04:22 old-viking Quase deu certo pro Evo Morales, mas...

Quase deu certo pro Evo Morales, mas...
Estão por aí a dizer que a renúncia de Evo Morales se deu por um golpe. Ora, quem deu o golpe foi o próprio Morales!
Ninguém da esquerda vai lhe dizer isso, mas, grosso modo, Evo caiu por ter tentado se perpetuar no poder, como todo bom comunista! Ainda em 2014, para concorrer à sua terceira eleição sucessiva, Evo saiu-se com a desculpa esfarrapada de que seu primeiro mandato (2006) não contava, na medida em que uma nova Carta Magna havia sido promulgada em 2009. Do seu ponto de vista questionável a Bolívia havia sido “refundada” nesta data. O povo boliviano foi generoso e concedeu-lhe o benefício da dúvida, ele disputou e venceu as eleições. Fim de papo? Claro que não. A esquerda não larga o osso tão fácil...
De olho no quarto mandato o Cocaleiro propôs (em 2016) um referendo popular que o permitiria candidatar-se em 2019, mas não colou! Diante da rejeição dos bolivianos à sua proposta indecorosa, Morales recorreu ao aparelhado TSE que lhe concedeu uma liminar para disputar as eleições, atropelando a vontade popular manifestada no referendo.
A contragosto os bolivianos demonstraram mais uma vez a sua generosidade e decidiram derrotar Morales nas urnas, mas aí o caldo entornou, porque durante a contagem dos votos, que mostrava a tendência a um segundo turno entre Morales e Carlos Mesa, a apuração foi subitamente interrompida. Em seguida, o TSE declarou a vitória de Morales - ainda no primeiro turno - por um percentual insignificante, mas suficiente para liquidar a fatura. Manifestações irromperam por toda a Bolívia. A OEA, no papel de observadora, auditou o resultado e após apurar uma série de fraudes recomendou um novo pleito.
O Cocaleiro, a princípio, tentou fazer dos limões uma limonada aceitando a recomendação da OEA e já se colocando como candidato. Desta forma ele legitimaria sua candidatura e ainda ficaria responsável por organizar a nova fraude eleitoral.
Diante de tamanha desfaçatez e da sanha autoritária de Morales o povo da Bolívia se revoltou e saiu às ruas exigindo o restabelecimento da democracia. Temendo voltar a plantar coca no Inferno, Morales escolheu o asilo no México, a fim de permanecer neste plano de existência. Bom para ele, melhor para a Bolívia!
Viva a generosidade, mas principalmente a sabedoria do povo boliviano!

Quase, Evo, quase...
submitted by old-viking to BrasildeDireita [link] [comments]


2019.09.17 18:50 Hybesis An Introduction to Data Structures: what is a Queue?

Last week, we saw the stack data structure. This time, we are studying its fake twin: the queue!
Because queues are also present everywhere throughout computer science. Because queues are just as easy to understand and use as stacks. Because it is almost impossible to program without understanding them.
Here is the illustrated course: https://hurna.io/academy/data_structures/queue.html

https://preview.redd.it/bpfe7yg3p6n31.png?width=872&format=png&auto=webp&s=dc124d0e59eea766510495852a18c9bbf6188b7a
H.urna - Science for all
submitted by Hybesis to HurnaAcademy [link] [comments]


2019.09.14 11:42 migueucardouso Mais vale os debates futebolísticos ...

Mais vale os debates futebolísticos ...
Estamos pertíssimo de alcançar uma data muito desejada para alguns partidos, no entanto, para outros, ao que tudo indica, não vai ser um dia muito memorável. Estou-me a referir a seis de outubro de dois mil e dezanove, que ficará marcado pela reflexão dos portugueses e a sua ida às urnas. Depois de contados os votos, cada distrito irá eleger um certo número de deputados que irão preencher a Assembleia da República e posteriormente, originar um Governo maioritário ou não, que nos governará nos próximos quatro anos.
Poderia viver e apoiar cegamente as ideias que me parecem corretas, mas entendo que para vivermos numa harmonia social, temos que englobar as diversas ideologias que os outros partidos nos transmitem. A discordância pode ser muitas vezes bem vincada, ainda assim haverá sempre alguma intervenção interessante e altamente benéfica! Resolvo então estar muitíssimo atento aos debates que se vão realizando.
De segunda a segunda somos bombardeados de conteúdos televisivos, em alguns deles está ausente qualquer qualidade, acabando por serem saturantes. Quando se pensava que eram facilmente substituíveis, percebe-se que afinal não há esse esforço e o máximo de tempo que as cadeias televisivas arranjam, para se fazerem ouvir as pessoas que irão exercer poder sobre nós, daqui a praticamente um mês, não passa dos trinta minutos. Como poderemos nós reter qualquer informação ou simpatia por alguém que apresenta as suas ideias num curtíssimo espaço de tempo? “Olhe, gostaria de perguntar o que faria à educação em Portugal? Reformas profundas? Ou pensa que não seria necessário grande intervenção?” - Questiona o moderador do debate. A pessoa questionada começa a responder, sem aprofundar totalmente o tema, ainda assim, de dez em dez segundos é interrompida: “Peço que acabe a sua intervenção, uma vez que o tempo é curto e tenho que passar ao seu parceiro/a de painel”. Bem, um/a líder que tem intenções de chegar ao poder ou que pretende/a subir nas intenções de voto, precisa mais do que uns meros minutos para expressar o que mudaria neste país e como o faria.
Para além da falta de “mobilidade” do tempo disponível, outra coisa a apontar é o facto das perguntas serem bastante repetitivas para alguns partidos. O PAN é claramente ecológico, porém deve ter certamente diversas medidas em outras áreas. É muito estranho, a meu ver, que apenas questionem o seu líder relativamente à natureza e aos animais. Estes temas são inevitavelmente de enorme importância, assim sendo todos os outros partidos têm propostas a apresentar! Que tal falar acerca da Segurança Social, uma vez que temos uma população envelhecida e poucas crianças! Que tal falar da educação, sobre como alcançar a igualdade de oportunidades para todos os jovens e proporcionar um ensino justo e realmente enriquecedor intelectualmente e socialmente! Que tal falar de justiça, onde se tem assistido a uma corrupção sem fim! Que tal falar das empresas, que dão trabalho a grande parte da população deste país e que são, sem dúvida alguma, a força impulsionadora da economia portuguesa.
Para terminar, queria apenas referir que não pretendo neste artigo criticar a posição de algum partido, apesar de discordar em muito do que foi dito. Tenho de admitir que já se evaporou muita informação da minha cabeça, esquecendo-me de quem proferiu tais falácias. Mas a moderação e questões até agora apresentadas deixam muito a desejar!
Depois de formulado todo este texto, entendi que realmente mais vale assistir às conversas futebolísticas. Assim sempre vejo novos insultos e imitações pejorativas.

https://preview.redd.it/u1kg2a0y5jm31.png?width=1038&format=png&auto=webp&s=d6c6a5c2ae9d99cdd9f351d3256194e6b12fa5fc
submitted by migueucardouso to u/migueucardouso [link] [comments]


2019.09.14 11:41 migueucardouso Mais vale os debates futebolísticos ...

Mais vale os debates futebolísticos ...
Estamos pertíssimo de alcançar uma data muito desejada para alguns partidos, no entanto, para outros, ao que tudo indica, não vai ser um dia muito memorável. Estou-me a referir a seis de outubro de dois mil e dezanove, que ficará marcado pela reflexão dos portugueses e a sua ida às urnas. Depois de contados os votos, cada distrito irá eleger um certo número de deputados que irão preencher a Assembleia da República e posteriormente, originar um Governo maioritário ou não, que nos governará nos próximos quatro anos.
Poderia viver e apoiar cegamente as ideias que me parecem corretas, mas entendo que para vivermos numa harmonia social, temos que englobar as diversas ideologias que os outros partidos nos transmitem. A discordância pode ser muitas vezes bem vincada, ainda assim haverá sempre alguma intervenção interessante e altamente benéfica! Resolvo então estar muitíssimo atento aos debates que se vão realizando.
De segunda a segunda somos bombardeados de conteúdos televisivos, em alguns deles está ausente qualquer qualidade, acabando por serem saturantes. Quando se pensava que eram facilmente substituíveis, percebe-se que afinal não há esse esforço e o máximo de tempo que as cadeias televisivas arranjam, para se fazerem ouvir as pessoas que irão exercer poder sobre nós, daqui a praticamente um mês, não passa dos trinta minutos. Como poderemos nós reter qualquer informação ou simpatia por alguém que apresenta as suas ideias num curtíssimo espaço de tempo? “Olhe, gostaria de perguntar o que faria à educação em Portugal? Reformas profundas? Ou pensa que não seria necessário grande intervenção?” - Questiona o moderador do debate. A pessoa questionada começa a responder, sem aprofundar totalmente o tema, ainda assim, de dez em dez segundos é interrompida: “Peço que acabe a sua intervenção, uma vez que o tempo é curto e tenho que passar ao seu parceiro/a de painel”. Bem, um/a líder que tem intenções de chegar ao poder ou que pretende/a subir nas intenções de voto, precisa mais do que uns meros minutos para expressar o que mudaria neste país e como o faria.
Para além da falta de “mobilidade” do tempo disponível, outra coisa a apontar é o facto das perguntas serem bastante repetitivas para alguns partidos. O PAN é claramente ecológico, porém deve ter certamente diversas medidas em outras áreas. É muito estranho, a meu ver, que apenas questionem o seu líder relativamente à natureza e aos animais. Estes temas são inevitavelmente de enorme importância, assim sendo todos os outros partidos têm propostas a apresentar! Que tal falar acerca da Segurança Social, uma vez que temos uma população envelhecida e poucas crianças! Que tal falar da educação, sobre como alcançar a igualdade de oportunidades para todos os jovens e proporcionar um ensino justo e realmente enriquecedor intelectualmente e socialmente! Que tal falar de justiça, onde se tem assistido a uma corrupção sem fim! Que tal falar das empresas, que dão trabalho a grande parte da população deste país e que são, sem dúvida alguma, a força impulsionadora da economia portuguesa.
Para terminar, queria apenas referir que não pretendo neste artigo criticar a posição de algum partido, apesar de discordar em muito do que foi dito. Tenho de admitir que já se evaporou muita informação da minha cabeça, esquecendo-me de quem proferiu tais falácias. Mas a moderação e questões até agora apresentadas deixam muito a desejar!
Depois de formulado todo este texto, entendi que realmente mais vale assistir às conversas futebolísticas. Assim sempre vejo novos insultos e imitações pejorativas.

https://preview.redd.it/se8xes3s5jm31.png?width=1038&format=png&auto=webp&s=e4e919eb36daeaeab1b15cabd9f218fdd57f0b54
submitted by migueucardouso to portugal2 [link] [comments]


2019.09.08 18:10 Hybesis Introduction to Data Structures: how do Stacks work?

Is it time to get back to school?
H.urna continues helping you to understand computer science and programming.
Here is the illustrated course on stacks. Stacks are used absolutely everywhere throughout the programming world: card game, call stack, graph run, labyrinth resolution, undo / redo functions ...
And yet, it is childish to understand and master:
https://hurna.io/academy/data_structures/stack.html
H.urna - Making knowledge accessible.
submitted by Hybesis to HurnaAcademy [link] [comments]


2019.05.26 11:31 TitusRex Vão votar. Hoje é dia de Eleições Europeias.

As urnas estão abertas até às 19h.
Quem não souber onde votar pode enviar um SMS (grátis) para o 3838 com o texto:
RE [número de cartão de cidadão] [Data de nascimento em formato AAAAMMDD]
Exemplo: RE 123456789 19751128
submitted by TitusRex to portugal [link] [comments]


2019.04.08 12:29 NoMeVoyMeQuedo Por qué los barrios pobres no van a votar: la abstención en las zonas más excluidas duplica a la de las más ricas

El barrio sevillano de 'las 3.000 Viviendas', uno de los más empobrecidos de España, fue el que más se abstuvo en las elecciones generales de 2016. Los que más participaron fueron los vecinos del acomodado barrio del Pla del Remei, en Valencia "Es un pez que se muerde la cola: como no votan, los políticos no se interesan por ellos, ellos no se sienten escuchados y vuelven a abstenerse en las siguientes elecciones", explica el investigador Manuel Trujillo BUSCADOR Busca entre las 16 mayores ciudades españolas y comprueba cuál es la renta media del barrio y cuántos votantes se abstuvieron en 2016 Raúl Sánchez 07/04/2019 - 21:37h Compartir en Facebook Compartir en Twitter Norte y sur, este y oeste, centro y periferia o costa e interior pueden marcar las fronteras invisibles de una ciudad. Muchas veces, esos límites no solo señalan las desigualdades económicas sino también políticas. Vivir en un barrio rico o pobre influye de manera determinante en las probabilidades de que una persona acuda a votar a su colegio electoral o se quede en casa en unas elecciones generales.
Por ejemplo, una brecha de casi 90.000 euros de ingresos por hogar separa al barrio de 'las 3.000 Viviendas' en Sevilla, el segundo más empobrecido de España, y El Viso en Madrid, el más rico. La desigualdad económica también se convierte en desigualdad electoral: en el primero, el 55% de los residentes no acudieron a votar en las elecciones generales de 2016; en el segundo, el 18%.
¿Una casualidad? Los datos analizados por eldiario.es muestran que los barrios con menos renta se abstuvieron el doble en las elecciones generales de 2016 que las zonas más acomodadas en las 16 mayores ciudades españolas. Mientras que la abstención alcanzó el 42% en los barrios con una renta media por debajo de los 20.000 euros, solo el 20% de los residentes de las zonas con ingresos superiores a los 50.000 euros renunciaron a votar.
Este es el resultado del análisis de eldiario.es de los datos del proyecto estadístico Urban Audit, publicados por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística, y los resultados electorales de las elecciones generales del 26J. Ver metodología
"Esto no es nuevo, siempre ha habido agujeros negros electorales que han sido los barrios más pobres", explica Braulio Gómez, doctor en Ciencia Política de la Universidad de Deusto y autor de varios trabajos sobre la relación entre abstención y renta. "Si en tu casa no tienes la nevera en condiciones para mantener tu vida cotidiana, es más difícil que tengas ese tiempo para buscar información política", comenta Gómez.
La tendencia se repite en los 16 municipios más poblados de España: cuanto más pobre es el barrio, más se abstuvieron sus residentes en las elecciones generales de 2016. Sin embargo, este fenómeno se agrava en las ciudades con mayor brecha entre barrios humildes y zonas acomodadas. Es decir, áreas metropolitanas más desiguales.
Pero, ¿por qué los residentes de barrios como El Raval (Barcelona), San Cristóbal (Madrid), Los Pajaritos (Sevilla) o Palma-Palmilla (Málaga) acuden menos a votar? Los expertos lo achacan a un alejamiento total de la política y una sensación de exclusión por su situación económica.
"Es un tipo de cultura que es lejana a ellos, que no les representa no participan porque no es su juego político", argumenta Miguel Alhambra, sociólogo de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y autor de un estudio académico sobre desigualdad social y abstención electoral en Madrid y Barcelona. "Es un efecto de la propia desigualdad: si para tener voz y voto tienes que tener capital cultural, al final te callas", comenta.
'Las 3.000 Viviendas' y la zona de Juan XXIII en Alicante son los barrios que más se callaron en las elecciones del 26J. Alrededor de la mitad de los residentes decidieron no ejercer su derecho al voto en 2016. "Aunque realmente digamos que no hace falta gran cosa (para votar), coger tu DNI y acercarte al colegio electoral, algo que nos parece sencillo, no lo es para muchas personas", explica la doctora en psicología social Cristina Cuenca.
Para Cuenca, es complicado decir "que vaya a votar" a una persona que esté en "una situación de desempleo cronificado, una familia afectada porque el padre o la madre tenga un problema de adicción o una persona sin hogar".
Pero, ¿cómo y a qué partidos votan los barrios de renta más bajas y mayores problemas derivados de esta desigualdad? Para comprobarlo, analizamos los datos de 509 barrios de las mayores ciudades españolas.
Fuente: Urban Audit, INE, Ministerio de InteriorMade with Flourish
Los investigadores alertan de las consecuencias políticas de la segregación entre barrios humildes de baja participación y zonas acomodadas con alta participación. "Es un pez que se muerde la cola: como no votan, los políticos no se interesan por ellos, ellos no se sienten escuchados y vuelven a abstenerse en las siguientes elecciones", argumenta Manuel Trujillo, investigador del Instituto de Estudios Sociales del CSIC.
Precisamente, el estudio Urnas Vacías en los suburbios de las ciudades, realizado por Trujillo y Braulio Gómez para el Observatorio Social de La Caixa, identificó una correlación "altísima" entre vivir en una zona caracterizada por la carencia de todo tipo de recursos y la abstención electoral en las municipales de 2015.
"A nivel electoral, cuando se agudiza este fenómeno, la izquierda pierde muchísimos votos", afirma Trujillo, que pone como ejemplo las pasadas elecciones autonómicas en Andalucía. Tal y como publicó eldiario.es, la abstención se disparó el 2D en los barrios más pobres de Sevilla, Málaga y Córdoba, donde Podemos y sobre todo el PSOE tenían más poder electoral.
Los datos de las generales del 26J, en 2016, también señalan esta tendencia: los partidos de izquierda son mucho más fuertes en los suburbios de las grandes ciudades y las candidaturas de derecha consiguen más votos en las zonas más ricas. Un voto de clase que se agudiza en los extremos: la izquierda promedia el 67% de las papeletas en los barrios que ingresan menos de 20.000 euros y la derecha se lleva el 74% de los sufragios en las zonas con una renta media superior a los 50.000 euros por hogar.
Manuel Buñuel, politólogo e investigador de la relación entre abstención y renta en la ciudad de Sevilla, asegura que existe una sensación en las zonas más marginadas de que la clase política solo va a esos barrios durante la campaña electoral y que después están "cuatro años sin aparecer". "Se ha luchado tanto tiempo para que el voto se ampliara a más capas de la población y los que más lucharon por ampliarlo son los que más se abstienen actualmente", reflexiona Buñuel.
Un fenómeno que apenas ha variado con el surgimiento de formaciones políticas como Podemos o Ciudadanos, según concluye el estudio Urnas Vacías. "Esto genera una concentración de poder político: si los ricos siempre votan, tendrán más poder en sus manos para que se tengan en cuenta sus intereses", explica el investigador Braulio Gómez.
La renta media de los diez barrios que más se abstuvieron en las generales de 2016 era de 19.000 euros por hogar. Entre los diez que más participaron, la cifra sube hasta los 68.000. Para Manuel Trujillo, "esto se acaba convirtiendo en un déficit democrático porque hay cierta población que no se siente representada y que no acaba siendo escuchada".
Más de una treintena de barrios de las grandes áreas urbanas registraron porcentajes de abstención por encima del 40% de los residentes en 2016. Si resides en alguna de las 16 mayores ciudades españolas, puedes buscar tu barrio.
BUSCADOR: ¿cuántos vecinos se abstuvieron en cada barrio en las elecciones del 26J? Busca un municipio o barrio y descubre el porcentaje de abstención o a qué candidaturas votaron los barrios más pobres y ricos. Solo se incluyen 509 barrios de las 16 ciudades más pobladas
Flourish logoA Flourish data visualisation Fuente: Urban Audit, INE, Ministerio del Interior
Para contextualizar la desigualdad política de las ciudades españolas, analizamos los datos de abstención y renta media en los barrios que representan el 20% más rico y el 20% más pobre de diez de las mayores áreas urbanas en España. Haz click en alguna de las siguientes ciudades para leer cada apartado.
Barcelona Gijón Bilbao Sevilla Las Palmas de G.C. Madrid Valencia Córdoba Zaragoza Vigo 1. La segregación económica de Barcelona
Tres factores unen a los barrios de El Raval, El Besòs, el Maresme y Nou Barris. Son los barrios que más se abstienen, más empobrecidos y con mayor población extranjera de Barcelona. Frente a ellos, el distrito de Sarrià-Sant Gervasi agrupa las zonas de mayor renta, menor abstención y más población nativa.
Una segregación económica, racial y social que divide a Barcelona entre la ciudad de Convergencia y PP frente a la de En Comú y el PSOE.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
CDC
En Comú
PP
PSOE
Cs
ERC 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media41,1%24.410€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media28,3%55.712€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
  1. Las Mil Quinientas viviendas de Gijón
En 1953, el Instituto Nacional de la Vivienda recibe el encargo de realizar un proyecto para alojar a los obreros que procedían del ámbito rural de Gijón en el Pumarín. Así es como se desarrollaron las Mil Quinientas viviendas que transformaron el barrio en una zona obrera. Todavía hoy, el Pumarín es la segunda zona más pobre de Gijón (23.591€) y en la que más se abstuvieron sus votantes (33,7%).
La zona residencial de urbanizaciones de Las Mestas es la más rica y también la que más participación registró en las elecciones del 26J.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
PP
PSOE
UP 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media34,3%22.895€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media27,5%35.186€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
  1. Vivir al lado del Guggenheim en Bilbao
Más de 20.000 euros conforman la brecha entre Abando, el distrito más rico y que más participa de la ciudad de Bilbao, y el resto de zonas de la ciudad. "En Bilbao hay una alta desigualdad pero no llega a los niveles que se llegan en Sevilla, Málaga o Badajoz aunque dentro de Euskadi sí que llama la atención", afirma Braulio Gómez, doctor en Ciencia Política de la Universidad de Deusto.
La desigualdad de Bilbao se manifiesta entre los que viven al lado del Guggenheim, que apenas se abstienen y votan principalmente a PP y PNV, y la zona sur de Errekalde, la más pobre donde Unidos Podemos fue el más votado en 2016.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
PNV
PP
UP 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media35,7%27.304€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media27,2%48.514€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
  1. Urnas vacías en 'las 3.000 Viviendas'
La abstención consiguió la mayoría absoluta en 'las 3.000 Viviendas' de Sevilla en las elecciones generales de 2016. El 55% de los votantes decidió abstenerse en un barrio en el que PSOE y UP se llevan el casi el 80% de los votos. Frente a ellos, menos del 20% de los votantes se abstuvieron en el barrio más rico de Sevilla, Santa Clara, donde PP y Cs son opciones mayoritarias.
"Si lo que se lleva al debate es lo que opina un votante de los Remedios o de Triana, no se van a tener en cuenta los problemas de las 3.000 Viviendas", afirma el politólogo Manuel Buñuel.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
PSOE
PP
UP 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media40,9%17.648€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media20,3%42.911€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
  1. Las barriadas de Las Palmas, carne de abstención
La brecha económica entre el barrio que más se abstuvo en las elecciones de 2016, las barriadas de la Vega de San José, y el que más participó, la céntrica zona de Arenales-Lugo, es de casi 20.000 euros por hogar. Una diferencia que señala la desigualdad entre el centro histórico construido alrededor del Puerto de Las Palmas y las barriadas periféricas del sur, asentadas en pendiente sobre la ladera de la montaña.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
PP
PSOE
UP 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media40,2%21.281€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media30,7%38.264€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
  1. Madrid, una brecha de norte a sur
La capital madrileña presenta los mayores índices de desigualdad de las grandes ciudades españolas, una brecha que se dibuja de sur a norte. Los barrios más pobres del sur, como San Cristóbal (Villaverde) o San Diego (Puente de Vallecas), se abstienen casi el triple que las lujosas zonas más ricas del norte como El Viso (Chamartín) o Piovera (Hortaleza).
Un mapa que dibuja los feudos del PP que siempre votan en las generales frente a los dominios abstencionistas de Unidos Podemos y el PSOE.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
PP
PSOE
UP
Cs 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media34,2%24.541€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media18,6%66.586€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
  1. Centro frente a periferia en Valencia
Los residentes del lujoso barrio de El Pla del Remei, en el centro de Valencia, fueron los más entusiastas de las elecciones del 26J. Con solo un 14% de abstención, es el barrio que más participó de las grandes ciudades españolas. Casualmente, es el más rico de la capital y la zona en la que el PP consiguió más porcentaje de voto (61%).
Los mayores índices de abstención se concentran en los barrios pobres de las zonas periféricas como En Corts, El Grau o Tres Forques - La Fontsanta.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
PP
Pod. - Comp. 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media28,4%23.640€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media19,0%39.736€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
  1. El sur obrero se abstiene en Córdoba
Más de la mitad del suelo en el barrio de El Naranjo-Brillante, el más rico de Córdoba, está destinado a urbanizaciones, chalets y viviendas unifamiliares. En el Sector Sur, el más pobre de la capital de provincia, las zonas industriales y comerciales acaparan la mitad del suelo, según los datos del INE.
Casi 20 puntos separan los niveles de abstención de ambos barrios en las generales de 2016.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
PP
PSOE
UP 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media39,4%19.254€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media21,3%39.228€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
  1. La frontera invisible de Zaragoza
Apenas 3 kilómetros separan las urbanizaciones con piscina de Casablanca, en Zaragoza, con el barrio obrero de Delicias. Aunque no tienen una frontera física, sí existe una simbólica que los separa: los hogares de Casablanca ingresan 30.000 euros más y se abstienen casi la mitad que sus vecinos de Delicias.
Una brecha que se traslada a la perspectiva de voto de los principales partidos. PP y Ciudadanos son mayoría en Casablanca, el barrio más rico de la capital aragonesa, y PSOE y Unidos Podemos son primera fuerza en el más pobre, Delicias.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
PP
PSOE
UP
Cs 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media32,1%24.806€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media22,0%43.153€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
  1. Astilleros frente a centro histórico en Vigo
El barrio de Teis en Vigo, el más pobre de la ciudad gallega, fue el que registró el mayor porcentaje de abstención (32%) el 26J. Los principales astilleros de la ciudad y gran parte del puerto comercial señalan un barrio de marcado perfil obrero e industrial donde la candidatura de En Marea fue primera fuerza.
Una zona que se contrapone al centro histórico de Vigo, el barrio más rico de la ciudad gallega, el que más participó (un 26%). El PP fue el partido más votado.
Partido más votado en cada sección censal en las elecciones generales de 2016
PP
En Marea
PSOE 20% más pobre
AbstenciónRenta media29,7%27.838€ 20% más rico
AbstenciónRenta media27,9%34.394€ Fuente: Urban Audit, Ministerio de Interior
Metodología
Para esta información, se han cruzado los datos por secciones censales de las elecciones generales de 2016 con los de renta media por hogar de la operación estadística de Indicadores Urbanos Urban Audit referentes al año 2016, que divide las ciudades en áreas suburbanas (SCD). Estas separaciones no siempre coinciden con divisiones administrativas de distritos o barrios. Solo se han incluido las 16 ciudades más pobladas de España ya que son los únicos municipios que tienen datos de renta desglosados por barrio.
En cada área suburbana, se ha calculado el porcentaje de votos de cada candidatura y el nivel de abstención en las elecciones del 26J a partir de las secciones censales que la componen. Se han descartado los datos de 9 secciones censales de las divisiones realizadas por Urban Audit no existían en las elecciones generales de 2016.
Se han identificado a PSOE, Unidos Podemos y sus confluencias, ERC, Bildu, PACMA y BNG como partidos de izquierda y a PP, Ciudadanos, CDC, PNV, CC, UPyD y Vox como partidos de derecha.
07/04/2019 - 21:37h 0 Compartir en Facebook Compartir en Twitter Enviar a Menéame Imprimir Detrás de esta noticia... Podemos publicar esta noticia gracias a las cuotas que pagan nuestros más de 34.000 socios y socias. Ellos garantizan nuestra independencia editorial y económica. Pero necesitamos más socios para seguir contratando periodistas y publicar más contenidos como este. Si tú también crees en un periodismo libre y de calidad hazte socio, hazte socia. ENLACES PATROCINADOS Jaime González, irreconocible en su reaparición televisiva Jaime González, irreconocible en su reaparición televisiva La Vanguardia La inspección de 120.000km de tu Audi A3 por 299€. Solicita cita. La inspección de 120.000km de tu Audi A3 por 299€. Solicita cita. formularios.audi.es Polen de abeja. Propiedades, cómo tomarlo, para qué usarlo. Polen de abeja. Propiedades, cómo tomarlo, para qué usarlo. universomiel.es El nuevo Kia Ceed Tourer está diseñado para el conductor. DescúbreloEl nuevo Kia Ceed Tourer está diseñado para el conductor. Descúbrelo El nuevo Kia Ceed Tourer está diseñado para el conductor. Descúbrelo Kia Semana Crossover & SUV de Ford, del 8 al 17 de abril Semana Crossover & SUV de Ford, del 8 al 17 de abril Ford Hipoteca NARANJA de ING. Con cero, cero posibilidades de equivocarte Hipoteca NARANJA de ING. Con cero, cero posibilidades de equivocarte ING Más en eldiario.es De dónde viene la extrema derecha: un obispo ultra y la familia de Barberá De dónde viene la extrema derecha: un obispo ultra y la familia de Barberá Podemos se postula en su programa para el 28A como la alternativa al "trío de Colón" y al "temblor de piernas" del PSOE Podemos se postula en su programa para el 28A como la alternativa al "trío de Colón" y al "temblor de piernas" del PSOE La Comunidad de Madrid exige a 70.000 jóvenes pagar un impuesto desconocido para deducirse el alquiler en la declaración La Comunidad de Madrid exige a 70.000 jóvenes pagar un impuesto desconocido para deducirse el alquiler en la declaración recomendado por Los comentarios de nuestros socios 1 luiscor1221 los ricos votan todos, los curas votan todos, los policias,guardias civiles y militares votan ... 2 quijotesco Siempre me he preguntado como es posible que el inconformismo ciudadano sea tan grande pero ... 3 Paubcn Creo que mas que el factor económico interviene el factor cultural, aunque un alto nivel ... 4 Artero No, no es casual, se debe en primer lugar al analfabetismo o simple alfabetización, lo cual ... 5 Cuyobai Los 'problemas' de la legislación electoral quedan sin resolver. Casualmente. 8 DONGUIDO Aquí unas explicaciónes muy bien fundamentadas de por qué los pobres, los obreros, votan a la ... 9 Huge_Head la brecha económica da como resultado la brecha cultural ,que se podría evitar mucho mas fácil ... 11 pepeespuche22 Lleváis toda la razón en El Palmar (Murcia) una pedanía de 24.000 habitantes en los barrios ... 13 Mr.Spock El neoliberalismo persigue la creación de una inmensa clase trabajadora solo preocupada por ... 14 JRG Buenísimo artículo de análisis de datos. En mi opinión shí está una de las bolsas de abstención. ... 15 jjrs50 El gran logro de la derecha es que muchos ciudadanos voten en contra de sus propios intereses. 16 Davex Votar no solo es un derecho, es una responsabilidad y por tanto debería ser una obligación. Pero ... Hazte socioComenta tú también20 comentarios
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submitted by NoMeVoyMeQuedo to podemos [link] [comments]


2019.03.29 15:41 Hybesis Open Source projects for Algorithms Visualizations

Hello community !

I allow myself to present you a free educational platform I am working on : H.urna.
H.urna is a scientific and algorithmic visualization platform whose objective is to promote and facilitate access to the understanding of science. Our goal is to "awaken joy in creativity and knowledge" (Albert Einstein)

I have two main C++ open source repositories :

Hurna Core C++ - https://github.com/hurna/hurna-core

H.urna Core C++ is a relatively small open source project that uses modern C++. It is implemented as a cross-platform, easy to build, full headed library containing some of the most known Algorithms and Data Structures. It is a caveat to develop under quality standards (all dependencies open-source and free to use).

Hurna Lib C++ (alpha version) - https://github.com/hurna/hurna-lib

Hurna Lib is an open source project that gives you the ability to easily transform your algorithms into visualizations and analysis that may be plug to Hurna Explorer. The idea is to wrap main objects to give them log capabilities, those logs are translated into a JSON file, then we can interpret the algorithms from any visualizers we would like to.

I would be very grateful if some of you have some advice, criticisms or else about the code.

This is my first post on Reddit, thx for being cool if I misdone something.
Thank you very much.
Regards.


submitted by Hybesis to cpp [link] [comments]


2018.12.23 18:29 stoned_phillips Best way to store paragraph-like data with formatted text?

I do a lot of writing and have toyed with a few different ways of storing formatted paragraphs of text into databases or files. I feel like I need some fresh ideas on this.
Lately I've been trying to store this kind of content in JSON, like so:
{ "h1": "Example Title", "article: "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Mauris imperdiet ligula vehicula dui fringilla, in pharetra turpis maximus. Sed tincidunt pretium faucibus. Morbi auctor, urna sed tincidunt rhoncus, lorem ex venenatis enim, fringilla tempus ex massa non arcu. Aliquam faucibus, sem sit amet porta vehicula, mauris dui gravida ante, vel finibus ante felis quis velit. Mauris et erat dapibus, volutpat neque in, auctor orci. Curabitur posuere turpis sapien, non iaculis leo sollicitudin eleifend. Vivamus malesuada accumsan ipsum, sed aliquam tellus mattis vitae. Quisque condimentum felis vitae ante auctor, a accumsan nisl vestibulum. Proin id egestas libero. Etiam faucibus in odio in facilisis. Curabitur ac justo turpis. Nam lorem nibh, malesuada eu mi eu, viverra aliquam libero. Nam mollis, eros id posuere varius, quam dui volutpat dui, vel egestas enim dui eu lectus. Nullam dignissim, ligula ac scelerisque consectetur, lorem tortor efficitur metus, et varius arcu arcu sed massa. Donec commodo fringilla molestie. Proin erat ex, tincidunt sed bibendum et, hendrerit in sem. Nunc mollis, orci ornare commodo egestas, turpis tortor eleifend lectus, vitae ultrices ante neque et lacus. Nam dapibus aliquet posuere. Donec quis nisi a ligula fermentum dignissim quis vel libero. Morbi non vestibulum magna. Aliquam a justo vitae massa ultricies lacinia. Donec pretium eu nisl nec sodales. Etiam a iaculis risus, ut condimentum tellus." } 
While this does seem possible, you will have to introduce special characters for newlines/new paragraphs, for apostrophes, and for other characters, which seems tedious. And if I wanted to include a link in this text, a link that I wanted to be applied to a specific string in the text (e.g. in a similar way that reddit does it -- [www.example.com](example)), then the problem is even worse.
Does anyone have any good solutions for storing formatted text? Assuming this data will eventually get printed as HTML, and assuming that there are potentially dozens to hundreds of data entries that involve formatted text, typically strings of 500 to 1000 words, what are some good solutions for this?
EDIT: Maybe using something like Markdown?
submitted by stoned_phillips to javascript [link] [comments]


2018.11.11 18:17 xWolfpaladin Respect Bruce Banner - New feats/Formatting

"Tony Stark and Reed Richards use their genius to save the world every other week. That’s how they’ll be remembered in history. Meanwhile, I, I who, forgive me, have just as much to contribute, will be lucky if my tombstone doesn’t simply say 'Hulk Smash'."

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aliquam in elit auctor, congue diam et, molestie turpis. Pellentesque eleifend euismod posuere. Cras dictum leo lorem, eu varius sapien blandit vel. Cras pellentesque ullamcorper odio, sed congue magna tristique id. Nulla iaculis lobortis magna sed commodo. Phasellus sollicitudin risus ac sodales facilisis. Cras laoreet magna in mauris feugiat gravida quis sit amet sem. Ut sed tellus ipsum. Quisque tempus nibh ut urna congue fermentum sit amet vitae sapien. Aenean ut rutrum mauris, sed consequat mauris. Proin facilisis nibh enim, nec pretium leo blandit id. Nullam placerat ipsum sed arcu dapibus euismod.
Table of Contents
Height: 5'11
Weight: 220
Eyes: Brown

General Tech

Banner's standard gear. [Hercules: Fall of an Avenger (2010) #2]
Includes the Old Power Taser, Gamma Dome Generator, Tyrannus's Energy Sword (For some reason?), and a bag of holding.

Guns/Tasers

Taser
Assorted guns

Bannertech Shields

Bannertech shields are specifically calibrated to be able to absorb energy from gamma mutates and oldpower users.
Utility
Defensive

Teleportation

Observation/Control

Long-Range
Close Range

Statements

Banner is consistently referred to as one of the 8 smartest men alive during the Intelligencia event, particularly in issue summaries. I'm not listing every instance of that, otherwise it would be more of those than the rest of the RT.

Intellect

Banner had never wanted to build a gamma bomb in the first place. He was originally going to use his tech for cures to cancer, creating pasteurization techniques, and curing parkinsons. However, his supervisors interfered.
Machinery/Inventions
Higher Thinking

Physicals

Banner is a physically average/normal human, with an ability to absorb great amounts of energy.

Mental Control

submitted by xWolfpaladin to TestForHulkRT [link] [comments]


2018.10.10 23:32 alforo_ Bolsonaro y las redes sociales

En Brasil "Bolsonaro es el que tiene mejor desempeño en las redes. Un pequeño ejemplo: un pico de 1,2 millones de 'me gusta' en Facebook en el último mes (exactamente al 1 de octubre)", explicó a la AFP Caio Túlio Costa, cofundador de Torabit, una plataforma de monitoreo digital.[5]
Según una encuesta de Datafolha divulgada el martes 2 de octubre, los electores de Bolsonaro tienen el índice más alto de usuarios de alguna red social (81%).
Y también son los que más usan Whatsapp y Facebook para leer y compartir noticias. Entre Facebook, Twitter e Instagram, Bolsonaro tiene más de 12 millones de seguidores.
¿Se podrá suponer que esos resultados se logran sin operadores de redes, a los cuales hay que pagar y disponer de suficiente dinero y herramientas como el Big Data?
De acuerdo con documentos internos vistos por Bloomberg, la campaña de Donald Trump gastó $ 44m (£ 33m) en anuncios de Facebook de junio a noviembre de 2016, en comparación con $ 28m por la campaña de Hillary Clinton. [6]
Whatsapp y las ‘fake news’
En un país con 147 millones de votantes, 120 millones de personas utilizan a diario la aplicación de mensajería móvil y el 90% lo hace más de 30 veces al día. El 66% de los electores brasileños consume y comparte noticias y vídeos sobre política a través de la red social más popular del país, de acuerdo con datos del Instituto Datafolha. Eso convierte a la popular app en un lugar fértil para, en el mejor de los casos, el debate político y el flujo de información y, en el peor, las campañas de desinformación.[7]
De acuerdo a un informe de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais hecho por expertos en ciencias de la computación reunidos en un proyecto llamado Elecciones sin Fakes, se registró un aumento sin precedentes de la actividad pro-Bolsonaro en WhatsApp, a favor suyo y en contra de los otros candidatos.[8]
Entre los mensajes falsos, se viralizó a través de WhatsApp (y otras redes como Facebook, Instagram y Twitter) que “Venezuela tiene los códigos de las urnas electrónicas para manipular los comicios”, un mensaje iniciado por el hijo del candidato en la red social de los trinos. Se acusó también a Haddad de que si este ganaba, “el Estado se adueñaría de los niños al cumplir 5 años”.
Se dijo también que las fotos de las manifestaciones #EleNao de mujeres en Brasil en contra de Bolsonaro “fueron retocadas”. [9]
Otra característica interesante es que en todas las cadenas de WhatsApp con propaganda política dicen querer combatir a los grandes medios tendenciosos, un arma que Donald Trump ya utilizó tanto en campaña como durante su gobierno en los EEUU.
Puro fascismo de Bolsonaro
Aunque sus operadores mediáticos han matizado sus afirmaciones, estamos en presencia de un político de ultraderecha, que ha centrado su estrategia en las redes y no habla claro de sus políticas económicas, que no van dirigidas a beneficiar a las grandes mayorías, sino al capital tanto brasilero como transnacional, así como al estamento militar cada vez menos nacionalista.
Estas son algunas de las afirmaciones de Bolsonaro:
“No la violo porque no se lo merece”. “Los quilombolas [descendientes de esclavos africanos que viven en comunidades protegidas] no sirven ni siquiera para procrear”. “Prefiero tener un hijo muerto a tener un hijo gay”. “Las mujeres deben ganar menos porque se quedan embarazadas”. “El error de la dictadura fue torturar en vez de matar”. “Pinochet debió matar más gente”
Con la segunda vuelta por delante habrá que ver lo que logren las fuerzas antifascistas. http://www.cubainformacion.tv/index.php/la-columna/218-norelys-morales/78958-brasil-las-elecciones-de-la-desinformacion-y-el-fascismo
submitted by alforo_ to podemos [link] [comments]


2018.09.25 12:32 wincraft71 What could Sup_G and Eldo Kim have done differently?

Earlier there was a thread here where anonymity fails (such as Sup_G, and the college bomb threat guy) were discussed and some claimed that a VPN would have helped them in those situations. This thread is not meant to be a discussion about VPNs specifically, as that has been done to death and I am not convinced that they add any "more" to the formula of TAILS plus Tor for security and anonymity.
My question and the point of this thread is, what could Sup_G or Eldo Kim have done differently strictly within the world of Tor and their own operational security to prevent exposing themselves? I'm working off of these cursory sources:
1 2 3 4 6 7
The last source is in Italian but each slide can be copied and pasted then translated.

Sup_G

The gist for those unfamiliar is that Sup_G was a hacker who had an associate named Sabu who cooperated with the FBI after being arrested. The FBI got a warrant to monitor what IP addresses Sup_G was connecting to, which led to his downfall. What he could have done differently:

Eldo Kim

A college student from Harvard University who logged in to the campus internet to send a bomb threat using Tor and Guerilla Mail. What he could have done differently:
What do you think either of them could have done differently to improve their chances of protecting their anonymity (without a VPN)?
submitted by wincraft71 to TOR [link] [comments]


2018.09.23 01:27 TheCaraqmoranextdoor Nós, nascidos pós-redemocratização, não sabemos o valor de nossa democracia até de fato a perdermos

Olá a todos,
Depois de ver os resultados detalhados da última pesquisa DataFolha notei algo que me deixou bem pensativo. A maior parte do eleitorado do ponteiro da pesquisa, Bolsonaro, é composta por cidadãos de 25 a 44 anos. Se pegarmos uma calculadora e fizermos uma conta rápida, as pessoas que hoje tem 25 anos nasceram em 1993, e os com 44 em 1974. Claramente essas pessoas apoiam algum tipo de militarismo na nossa política, seja o motivo qual for. Entretanto, os mais novos sequer viveram o último período militar, nasceram em plena democracia e nunca tiveram a menor noção real do que é um governo militar de fato, as guerrilhas, os sumiços de familiares, a tortura e um governo autocrático na prática. A faixa mais velha, entretanto, apesar de muito novos, pegaram o fim do regime militar e viveram o inferno que foi a hiperinflação e os constantes planos econômicos fracassados nas mãos da nova república, tiveram muitos maus momentos na lembrança quanto à corrupção e instabilidade econômica.
Recentemente, relendo História do Brasil de Boris Fausto, me atentei para nossa história turbulenta de democracia, golpes, governos militares e novamente o ressurgimento da democracia. Desde 1889 vivemos constantes ciclos de tentativas de golpes militares e de depor presidentes por não aceitar o resultado nas urnas, por ter descrédito com os políticos, corrupção e ingerência.
Tivemos jacobinos tentando assassinar Prudente de Morais, tivemos um militar incapaz “eleito” pelo povo, Hermes da Fonseca - bem parecido com um candidato que temos hoje no pleito - menos de 15 anos depois, mais um golpe, chamado por muitos de revolução, é um pavimento para uma ditadura de fato com Getúlio Vargas. Fun fact: a premissa era livrar o país dos comunistas. Voltamos à democracia, mas por um breve tempo, GV comete suicídio em meio a um turbulento governo abalado pela UDN, JK sai do governo acusado de corrupção, Jango não dura muito, temos outro golpe militar. Fun fact 2: a premissa era ser uma intervenção militar rápida que limpasse os comunistas e peronistas do país que já bolavam seus planos internacionalistas em nosso território. Durante os anos de chumbo o país clamou de novo por democracia, ela veio, mas agora está fortemente abalada. De novo pedimos por um militar no governo. Um homem forte e incorruptível, de moral inabalável que possa limpar mais uma vez o comunismo petista de nosso governo. Nossa história é de flerte com o militarismo, a cólera, até mesmo o fascismo dos integralistas, não aprendemos nunca com nosso passado, com o fracasso da força para correção de erros e sempre apelamos para uma figura paterna forte para livrarmos da corrupção. Hoje temos novamente a figura militar como salvadora da pátria Nunca deu certo.
Depois disso tudo, onde quero chegar?! Nós brasileiros não temos noção de nossa história, ou até temos, mas uma certa nostalgia, uma saudade passional do que não existiu de fato nos embaça a visão crítica do nosso passado. Nos cegamos propositadamente porque não vivemos na época do que muitos de nós pede hoje, a intervenção militar, ou só ouvimos falar com um negacionismo e revisionismo surreais e coléricos que nos tira a atenção do que pode vir acontecer. A força bruta sempre parece a melhor solução, mas, infelizmente, a política e a democracia, por mais podre que seja, é nossa única saída para quebrarmos esse ciclo vicioso.
submitted by TheCaraqmoranextdoor to brasil [link] [comments]


2018.06.04 19:33 poteland [Reddit Meetup Day] r/uruguay da la cara! Sábado 9 - 16:00 en El Farolito

EDIT: estamos en la fuente al lado de el Defensor Sporting
Bueno muchachada bullanguera, como habrán visto en este thread la semana pasada convocamos a urnas a la población de este sub con motivo de elegir lugar y hora para nuestra juntada en el marco del Reddit Meetup Day.
La misma se hará el próximo Sábado 9, a las 16:00, en El Farolito (acá tienen el mapa, despistadas y despistados).
Voy a ir actualizando este post con la gente que manifieste ir, para que eso incentive a otra gente más tímida a arrimarse.
Van a estar ahí:
Voy a ver si consigo algunos pegotines para ponernos los usernames, si alguien tiene o sabe donde comprar me avisa ta?
Nos estamos viendo!
submitted by poteland to uruguay [link] [comments]


2017.11.26 19:15 NathanielArnoldR2 Express programmatically-accessible metadata in a PowerShell script?

A lot of my modules end up consuming configuration data expressed in PowerShell syntax (in the form of ps1 script files) to define implementations of their functionality. This data can be very complex, and often requires its own documentation, or metadata: a block comment at the top of the file. For the internal structure of this metadata, I have been using a format similar to that of comment-based help.
Recently, I've decided that I need to make this metadata programmatically accessible for (e.g.) validation of content and format, and filtering based on information (such as Tags, count of Issues, etc.) expressed therein. I was hoping that the classes facilitating comment-based help could be adapted to consume metadata in other forms into objects, but the PowerShell source suggests the parser of this syntax was not meant to be extended to serve any other purpose.
I foresee no great difficulty (just a bunch of work) rolling my own metadata parser using PowerShell, but if there are any existing tools built especially for this purpose I would like to evaluate them before I begin. Does anyone here have any suggestions? If there is a widely accepted format for expressing this data in a block comment, and a standard, extensible library for parsing it into an object, I would be willing to adopt that format in place of my own.
For clarity, below is an example of the sort of metadata I wish to consume, with certain distinguishing information removed.
<# .DESCRIPTION W10 v1709 VM, with Office 2016 Pro Plus and Visio 2016 Pro installed. Settings are modified to eliminate intrusive notifications and blatant ads, and user accounts are configured lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Maecenas porttitor congue massa. Fusce posuere, magna sed pulvinar ultricies, purus lectus malesuada libero, sit amet commodo magna eros quis urna. .PURPOSE Evaluating use as %%COMPANYNAME%%'s primary lorem ipsum, replacing the previous lorem ipsum based on v1703. .TAGS %%COMPANYNAME%% .ISSUE State Repository Service CPU clobber w/ Edge State Repository Service will clobber the CPU whenever the user clicks a link in Microsoft Edge; navigation will not occur for several seconds. Occurs in at least 75% of builds. This is a known issue^, but I am hesitant to take the most recommended steps to resolve for fear they may have unintended consequences, and because I like to keep my builds as free as possible of temporary workarounds I need to unwind down the road. ^https://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/windows_10-windows_install/high-cpu-usage-in-state-repository-service-afte71cfe9ad-019f-4561-9d10-dcd2597b3c64 .ISSUE Modern App Progress Bars in Start Modern Applications will update content soon after the user signs in, provided the session is not idle. This update process is reflected in animated progress bars in Start Menu entries and on Start tiles. Often, rather than disappear upon completion, one of these progress bars will become stuck and remain indefinitely. Different applications may be affected; I've seen this occur with at least three separate apps. Since affected apps appear to open without incident, this may simply be a visual artifact. Occurs in most builds. #> $config.Members += $member = member $member.OS = "W10 v1709" $member.VM.Name = "W10 O2016 v1709" $member.OfflineScript = { # Whole bunch o' mods to registry hives & files in the offline VHD. } $member.Unattend = "Activated VM" $member.Script = { # Script invoked as a FirstLogonCommand from the Unattend. } $member.Modules = @( "Common" "MyPackage" ) $member.Packages = @( "MyBackInfo" "Office 2016 Pro Plus x64" "Visio 2016 Pro x64" ) $config.Actions = @( act_start act_wait act_stop act_checkpoint ) 
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2017.08.24 16:39 lulydelmar1 El #Pucherazo que ha protagonizado INDRA junto al Correo de Macri en Argentina es monumental. Tan monumental como el BlackOut informativo de los medios de comunicación

Que Macri es de los suyos es evidente. Que en Argentina gobierna la ultraderecha neoliberal y no Maduro también. Por eso los medios de comunicación callan a diferencia de lo que han hecho con Venezuela.
Indra junto al Correo han protagonizado la mayor estafa electoral que he visto. Un monumental pucherazo.
1.- En primer lugar seleccionaron los telegramas de las Actas de las mesas electorales para cargarlas en el sistema que favorecían al candidato de Macri. Un candidato que se ha pronunciado contra el aborto con el lema "Ni Una Menos". Impresentable.
El motivo fue dar un golpe mediático en el inicio del escrutinio, en el mayor horario de audiencia televisiva violando el derecho de información veraz de la ciudadanía. Iniciada la farsa mediática el Macrista obtenía 7% de ventaja sobre la candidata Cristina Kichner. Ya a media noche la ventaja se reducía y la carga de datos comenzaba a frenarse. De acuerdo a los data entry de Indra la orden fue precisa: "a las 4 de la mañana se termina el escrutinio".
A esa hora, había empate técnico en un 34%, faltando escrutar las mesas que favorecían a la Kichner. Pero para esa hora las portadas de la prensa escrita titulaban lo informado por la noche. Es decir la ciudadanía se fue a dormir pensando que había perdido Cristina y amaneció con las mismas portadas escritas. Una manipulación miserable.
2.- Pero no solo fue un escándalo mediático. Luego, gracias a que tienen una tele opositora la "C5N" http://www.c5n.com/, comenzaron a llegar miles de denuncias de votantes y fiscales que aseguraban haber votado a Cristina y que en las Actas escaneadas y puestas en la página oficial de recuento de votos, decía CERO.
Si, Cero Votos, es decir Fraude. Habían manipulado las Actas digitalmente y el software de Indra habilitaba para poner un CERO a aquellas Actas donde eran algo ilegibles. Los data entrys también lo denunciaron: "Si no se lee correctamente le pones un CERO".
No tienen escrúpulos, pero tampoco son del todo [email protected] y es por eso que para que el Acto Criminal sea perfecto, también manipularon los datos del candidato de Macri, restándole votos. Pero claro que no en la misma proporción. "Quítale a Cristina pero también un poco al otro ostias, sino, se nota mucho". Increíble. Increíble si no fuera porque son los campeones de la corrupción, claro. Por qué no se van a robar los votos si se roban en camiones la pasta y se la llevan a los paraisos fiscales?
De momento, escrutado en forma parcial el recuento de estas elecciones (que no son las definitivas que serán en Octubre), entre lo que le quitaron a uno y a otro, la diferencia es de 40.000 votos a favor de Cristina, es decir ganó Cristina. Y faltan más mesas y aperturas de urnas sospechosas. Pero la realidad es que no apareció en las portadas. Y lo que no aparece en las portadas no existe.
Habrá que seguir denunciando y convertirnos en perros de caza porque no me creo que 1 millón de votos se hayan ido a la Playa y menos con este nuevo #PUCHERAZO al otro lado del atlántico protagonizado por los mismos de siempre:
La ultraderecha neoliberal al servicio del Capitalismo del Desastre. Son los mismos, la Trama es Global.
submitted by lulydelmar1 to podemos [link] [comments]


2017.08.08 23:48 feedreddit Jornal “O Dia” retirou Igreja Universal de matérias sobre Marcelo Crivella durante as eleições

Jornal “O Dia” retirou Igreja Universal de matérias sobre Marcelo Crivella durante as eleições
by Ruben Berta via The Intercept
URL: http://ift.tt/2vMJRqa
A relação entre o jornal “O Dia” e o prefeito do Rio, Marcelo Crivella, marcada em março deste ano pelademissão de um jornalistaapós a publicação de uma matéria crítica à atual gestão, teve outro episódio nebuloso. Um levantamento feito por The Intercept Brasil mostra que ao menos quatro matérias colocadas no ar desde o fim de 2015 foram atualizadas numa mesma data: 14 de setembro de 2016. Em todos os casos, o objetivo foi mesmo: retirar qualquer referência de relação entre Crivella e a Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus, da qual ele é bispo licenciado.
As alterações das reportagens do site de “O Dia” coincidiram com um período em que a campanha do primeiro turno das eleições de 2016 esquentava. Naquela época, o Ibope divulgara asegunda pesquisada corrida pela prefeitura do Rio, consolidando Crivella na liderança, com mais de dez pontos percentuais à frente do segundo colocado. O candidato do PRB, porém, ainda tinha que lidar com um índice de rejeição de 24%, quarto maior entre os 11 postulantes ao cargo. Por e-mail, o presidente de “O Dia”, Marcos Salles, negou qualquer interferência política no conteúdo editorial do jornal.
O incômodo de Crivella em ver seu nome relacionado à Universal chegou a ser alvo de umareportagem de “O Estado de São Paulo”, publicada durante o segundo turno das eleições cariocas. Segundo o jornal, o então candidato havia omitido no site de sua campanha o fato de ser fiel e bispo licenciado da igreja, dizendo apenas que “nunca sofreu nenhum tipo de influência de líderes religiosos”. A relação também foi muito atacada pelo seu principal adversário, Marcelo Freixo (PSOL), que chegou a questionar o opositor, durante um debate na TV Globo, sobre o“projeto político da Universal para o Rio de Janeiro”. Crivella também é sobrinho de Edir Macedo, fundador da igreja.

Palavras e frases cortadas

Os textos publicados em “O Dia” tiveram desde a simples retirada de palavras que faziam a relação entre Crivella e a Universal até o corte de frases inteiras. Para fazer o levantamento, TIB utilizou o siteWeb Archive, que possui o registro de mais de 302 bilhões de páginas em diversas datas, e comparou com as versões atuais que estão no ar, atualizadas em 14 de setembro do ano passado.
No dia 7 de agosto de 2016, dias antes do início da campanha eleitoral, o jornal publicou umaentrevista com o candidatodo PRB, que já aparecia no topo das pesquisas. O título era uma frase com uma provocação ao futuro adversário nas urnas Pedro Paulo (PMDB), que vinha sendo minado por acusações de agressão à ex-mulher. “Bato na trave, mas não bato em mulher”, disse Crivella, fazendo também uma referência às suas próprias tentativas anteriores mal-sucedidas de conquistar um cargo no Executivo.
Nesta reportagem, há um breve perfil de Crivella antes da sequência de perguntas e respostas. E é aí que surge a modificação. A frase original do texto dizia que “aos 58 anos, o engenheiro e bispo licenciado da Igreja Universal não mede também críticas aos gastos de R$ 14 bilhões da prefeitura carioca com a Olimpíada”. Na matéria atualizada em 14 de setembro, a expressão “bispo licenciado da Igreja Universal” simplesmente desaparece.
Uma modificação semelhante já havia sido feita na reportagem“Pré-candidato a prefeito do Rio, Marcelo Crivella vai se filiar ao PSB”, publicada originalmente em 25 de fevereiro de 2016. Atualizada no mesmo 14 de setembro, a matéria que falava sobre uma aproximação com o senador Romário – que futuramente se transformaria em rusgas – teve também a expressão “bispo licenciado da Igreja Universal” retirada, numa referência que havia sido colocada logo no primeiro parágrafo.

Interferência até em nota de coluna

As alterações foram ainda além no caso deuma coluna publicada em 22 de maio de 2016pelo jornalista Paulo Capelli, cujo tema principal também era a aproximação entre Crivella e Romário. Para que a referência à igreja criada pelo tio do atual prefeito do Rio, Edir Macedo, não aparecesse mais, foi retirada uma nota inteira: “Amigos de (Hugo) Leal (deputado do PSB) dizem que o fator religioso pesou na decisão de não compor a possível chapa: ele é ligado à Igreja Católica; Crivella, à Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus”.
Da reportagem “Record denuncia família Picciani, que acusa emissora de fazer campanha“, publicada em 25 de novembro de 2015, houve a retirada de uma frase inteira que, originalmente, fechava o texto: “Ainda segundo a assessoria (de imprensa do deputado), (Jorge) Picciani e filhos ‘consideram o material veiculado uma clara demonstração de que a TV Record, ligada à Igreja Universal e ao bispo Marcelo Crivella, candidato declarado à Prefeitura do Rio no ano que vem, já iniciou a campanha eleitoral’”.
A matéria tratava de uma reportagem veiculada à época pela Rede Record que relacionava a família de Picciani a uma mineradora que forneceria brita para a Prefeitura do Rio. O presidente da Alerj disse que iria processar a emissora.

Cobertura positiva sobre o atual prefeito

Além das alterações em reportagens antigas, a própria linha editorial adotada por “O Dia” nas matérias que envolvem o atual prefeito do Rio mostra um tom bem mais positivo do que crítico. Em junho passado, por exemplo, no meio da polêmica em torno docorte de verbas no carnaval carioca, o jornal deu destaque a uma reportagem em cima de uma pesquisa contratada pelo próprio veículo cujo título dizia que a decisão de Crivellaera apoiada por 78% da população.
A pergunta principal do levantamento, realizado pelo Instituto Paraná Pesquisas era: “Em São Paulo, a prefeitura destina R$ 25 por dia por crianças para as creches; em BH, R$ 20. No Rio, são R$ 10. Para destinar R$ 20 para as crianças das creches do Rio, o prefeito propôs diminuir os recursos que a prefeitura gasta com os desfiles das escolas de samba, passando de R$ 2 milhões para R$ 1 milhão por escola. O sr.(a) concorda com esta diminuição?”.
Após a enchente quecastigou a cidade em junhodesteano, uma das principais reportagens de “O Dia” sobre o assunto veiocom o título“‘A cidade resistiu’, diz prefeito Marcelo Crivella após temporal no Rio de Janeiro”. Principal aposta para a sequência política da família, Marcelo Hodge Crivella, que agora adota o nome de Marcelo Crivella Filho, também tem periodicamente assinado umacoluna no jornal.

Prefeitura vai responder “do jeito que quiser”

Fundado na década de 1950, o jornal “O Dia” teve durante muitos anos o papel de um dos protagonistas da imprensa escrita carioca. Nos anos 1990, chegou a ter uma tiragem próxima a 500 mil exemplares aos domingos, com servidores públicos e aposentados entre os leitores fiéis. Na atual década, porém, a publicação entrou em uma grave crise, que provocou ademissão de diversos jornalistas. Em meio a atrasos de salários, profissionais chegaram a fazeruma paralisaçãoem maio deste ano.
Apesar da crise, o jornal pode ser um caminho para Crivella diante de uma realidade onde os outros dois grandes veículos impressos cariocas (“O Globo” e “Extra”) são controlados pelo Grupo Globo, adversário direto da Record, com histórica relação com a Igreja Universal.
Enquanto “O Dia” esconde as relações do atual prefeito com a igreja, “O Globo”, por exemplo, tem soltado constantemente reportagens que abordam o tema, como a presença de Crivella emcultos da Universal na África do Sulou acantoria no Senadoem homenagem à igreja.
TIB enviou, na manhã desta terça (8) para a assessoria de imprensa do prefeito Marcelo Crivella as seguintes perguntas:
– O prefeito teve algum tipo de interferência, fez algum tipo de pedido para que reportagens que o relacionassem à Igreja Universal fossem editadas?
– O prefeito exerce algum tipo de influência editorial no jornal “O Dia”?
– Quanto a prefeitura gastou em publicidade em jornais impressos este ano e, deste valor, quanto foi destinado ao jornal “O Dia”?
Daniel Pereira, um dos assessores de imprensa da Prefeitura do Rio, ligou para a reportagem dizendo que havia se sentido “ofendido com as perguntas”. Em resposta ao pedido de que enviasse as respostas por e-mail, afirmou que responderia “do jeito que quisesse”.
Por isso, a orientação que repassei à redação é que cada um deles seja tratado exclusivamente por sua atuação no Legislativo ou no Executivo e não por sua religião, como acontecia até então.O presidente de “O Dia”, Marcos Salles, queassumiu o cargo em meados do ano passado, enviou por e-mail as seguintes respostas:
– O prefeito teve algum tipo de interferência, fez algum tipo de pedido para que reportagens que o relacionassem à Igreja Universal fossem editadas?
– Desde que assumi a presidência da empresa, determinei que não houvesse qualquer discriminação no nosso noticiário quanto à opção religiosa de qualquer político. Por isso, a orientação que repassei à redação é que cada um deles seja tratado exclusivamente por sua atuação no Legislativo ou no Executivo e não por sua religião, como acontecia até então. A imprensa nunca qualificou outros candidatos por sua opção religiosa, fazê-lo agora seria um ato discriminatório.
– O prefeito exerce algum tipo de influência editorial no jornal “O Dia”?
– Não há qualquer interferência política ou partidária no conteúdo editorial do jornal, o que inclui a figura do prefeito.

The post Jornal “O Dia” retirou Igreja Universal de matérias sobre Marcelo Crivella durante as eleições appeared first on The Intercept.
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FIM DO MISTÉRIO  chegou a hora de abrir as urnas GTA FiveM Fix All Errors 2020 (EASY) - YouTube Data Protección - Urnas Electrónicas y Voto por Internet Why Is Uranus Shooting Plasma Bubbles? Old gas blob from Uranus found in vintage Voyager 2 data Uranus 101  National Geographic - YouTube Boca de Urna – Eleições 2018 Voyager II - Uranus Encounter Observations - RAW Images

NASA Data Shows Something Leaking Out of Uranus

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